FINAL STUDY GUIDE  HISTORY 2D  SPRING 2008

FINAL STUDY GUIDE  HISTORY 2D  SPRING 2008

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Unformatted text preview: FINAL STUDY GUIDEHISTORY 2DSPRING 2008 I. WORDBANK for fill in the blanks: Answer 20 at 3/4 pts each . 15 pts total Albert Einstein: 1879-1955 notes On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies 1905 o Light is 186,000 mps in relation to everything and anything (INVARIANCE) o Eliminates the etherit can no longer provide reference for the rest o Our combined motion through space and time are invariable, they always equal the speed of light o Speed of light is independent of the observer Einstein challenges Quantum Mechanics as an incomplete theory o Hidden variables as yet unknown to science described by that theory In 1935, he predicts non-locality o Collaborated with Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen to publish a paper which is now simply referred to by the initials of its three authors: EPR Ferngren Einstein affirms a one to one correspondence between every element of physical theory and the physical reality described Self-reported religious reasons played a major role in both the motivation of his own scientific work and his interpretations of the scientific work of others His views strongly influenced attitudes of many important theoretical physicists and cosmologists well into late 20 th century Belief in impersonal, objective aspect of God led him to belief that the universe had a real existence, independent of all observers God was completely rational, so Einstein convinced that complete understanding of natural world must ultimately be accessible to the human intellect Thought quantum mechanics incomplete Theory on general relativity, space was warped in the presence of gravitating bodies, confirmed in 1919 Maleficia: Harmful magic Implied pact with the Devil Any malicious acts which were contributed to witches and sorcerers in past times that were believed to cause harm or death to humans, animals, or crops Generally used to explain any natural disaster, accident, illness, or personal misfortune during medieval witch-hunting mania (anything that went wrong blamed on witches, destroyed crops, a cow dried up, surely someone was guilty of maleficia ) Since antiquity it has been thought that witches, sorcerers and magicians could possess the ability to cast negative spells out of revenge, spite, or malice Brought through incantations, powders, potions, ointments, herbs, effigies stuck with thorns and nails, and the Hand of Glory Just remember witchcraft craze and Malleus Maleficarum Obsessional Neurosis: The process of stimulus substitution, conversion, and discharge Psychology, Freud? If understand this better, I will let you guys know Philosophes : New thinking elite The Republic of Letters o Eclectic group but all strongly anti-clerical o Reason will liberate humanity from benighted superstition o Public sphere, journals, salons, pamphlets, coffee houses The Encycolpedie, o Compendium of the natural philosophical writing...
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FINAL STUDY GUIDE  HISTORY 2D  SPRING 2008

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