210.lec.02.morphology - morphology the structure of words <...

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morphology the structure of words < Greek morph = 'form, shape' morpheme = meaningful unit in a wod
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spot quiz (held over) • from the newswires Jan 2009 • "She was an important part of my life, and me hers." • a) who said it? • b) who was he talking about? • c) why did he and Angelina go to Namibia? • d) is it a grammatical sentence?
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short reading on morphology • under Ctools, Resources, Readings • Fromkin, "morphology"
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basic elements of words •s t e m (noun, verb, adjective, numeral, etc.) dog, kill, big, five – stem may form a word by itself (English) • not always true in other languages • cf. English vis -ible 'see-able', vis -ion , etc. • bound morpheme (not used by itself) – usually an affix , more specifically: •p re f ix re -enlist, anti -communist • suffix hunt-er , kill-ed , dog-s
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masculine/feminine gender language 'dog (male)' 'dog (female)' Moroccan Arabic k Ə lb k Ə lba (low-hanging fruit, just chop up the longer form) Spanish perro perra (a bit more tricky, since the stem perr- is an abstraction) Tamashek eḍi teḍitt Tamashek t-. ..-tt is an example of a. ..
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...circumfix • combination of a prefix and a suffix expressing a single grammatical category • note: in many so-called circumfixes, the prefix and the suffix do not correlate 100% of the time
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affixes not always easy to gloss (label) • Spanish 'son' 'daughter' Sg ixo ixa Pl ixos ixas stem + Ma/Fe + (Pl) (parentheses = optional) each suffix expresses one grammatical category • Italian 'son' 'daughter' Sg fiʎo
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course LING 210 taught by Professor Jeffreyheath during the Spring '10 term at University of Michigan-Dearborn.

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210.lec.02.morphology - morphology the structure of words <...

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