Ch13 - Presidential Qualifications and Terms of Office Must...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Presidential Qualifications and Terms of Office ¥ Must be a natural-born citizen ¥ At least 35 years of age ¥ Resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years ¥ Serves a four-year term with eligibility for reelection Ð First president, Washington, sought reelection once. Set tradition as such. Ð Franklin D. Roosevelt elected four times. Ð Twenty-Second Amendment (ratified in 1951) limits presidents to two four-year terms or a total of 10 yearsin office should V-P assume portion of the presidentÕs remaining term. Rules of Succession ¥ Through 2005, 8 presidents have died in office. ¥ Vice President Ð orderly transfer of power ¥ 1947 Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act Ð Lists in order those in line after the vice president tosucceed the president ¥ Speaker of the House of Representatives ¥ President pro tempore of the Senate ¥ Secretaries of state, treasury, and defense, and other Cabinet heads in order of the creation of their department Twenty-Fifth Amendment ¥ Adopted 1967 to set procedures ¥ Also contains a section for: Ð filling vacancies in the office of president that allows the VP and a and vice president. majority of the Cabinet (or Ð procedures to deal with the disability of a president. some other body
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Sheet1 Page 2 ¥ President may appoint a new VP, determined by Congress) subject to the approval of to deem a president majority of Congress. unable to fulfill his duties. ¥ Used twice ¥ President can also Ð Nixon to replace Agnew with Ford voluntarily relinquish Ð Ford to select new VP duties. Ð 1985, Reagan made G.H.W. Bush acting president during ReaganÕs eight-hour surgery. Views of Presidential Power ¥ Restrictive View Ð president could exercise only the powersspecifically granted by the Constitution (Taft). ¥ Stewardship View Ð the president is the steward of the people and should do anything required by the needs of the nation unless itis specifically prohibited by the Constitution (T. Roosevelt ) ¥ Prerogative View Ð office require the President to both preserve the Constitution and to take otherwise unconstitutional measures to ensure that the Constitution itself was well preserved (Lincoln). Constitutional Responsibilities ¥ Veto Power ¥ Appointment Power ¥ Executive Power ¥ Commander in Chief ¥ Power to convene Congress ¥ Power to make treaties ¥ Pardoning Power Veto Power ¥ Rejection by a President of legislation passed by the Congress.
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Sheet1 Page 3 ¥ While the veto is a presidential power, it could be considered aweakness if the president was not able to influence Congressio n legislation. ¥ Line Item Veto Ð Right of the executive to veto parts of a bill approved by the legislature without having to veto the entire bill. ¥ Most states have a form of the line item veto, The US President
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SPMT SPMT 217 taught by Professor Tibedeax during the Spring '10 term at Texas A&M.

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Ch13 - Presidential Qualifications and Terms of Office Must...

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