芬兰电影(V-campus)

èŠ&no - FINNISH FILM&#2 Finland Current Situation in Finland • Finland is the fifth largest country in Europe • The area of

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Unformatted text preview: FINNISH FILM  Finland Current Situation in Finland • Finland is the fifth largest country in Europe. • The area of Finland is 338,000 square kilometers, of which eight per cent is cultivated. • Ten per cent of the total area is covered by lakes, which number 188,000, and 69 per cent by forests. Scenes from Finland Current Situation in Finland • Finland is a bilingual country, both Finnish (SUOMI/ FINSKA) and Swedish (RUOTSI/ SVENSKA) being the official languages. • The Lapps also account for a language minority with some 5,000 Sami speakers. • The most widely studied foreign language is English, followed by German and French. You will be able to deal with all your official business in English. • The majority of Finns are Lutherans (86 per cent), and one per cent are Finnish Orthodox. Scenes from Finland Scenes from Finland Current Situation in Finland Independence Day reception on 6 December 2006. President Tarja Halonen (centre) welcomes guests as they arrive at the presidential palace. Historical Facts about Finland • Finland and the Finnish national consciousness have been molded by the country's geographical status between the East and the West. • From the 12th century, Finland was part of the kingdom of Sweden. • In 1809, after Sweden lost the war against Russia, Finland was ceded to Russia and became an autonomous Grand Duchy within Imperial Russia, its Grand Duke being the Tsar himself. Historical Facts about Finland • During the 19th century Finnish national consciousness grew stronger. • In 1906, Finland succeeded in establishing a new constitution based on equal and universal suffrage, Finnish women being the first in Europe to be given the right to vote. • After the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, Finland declared itself independent. Historical Facts about Finland • During World War II, Finland managed to retain its independence in the Winter War and Continuation War against Russia. • After the war, Finland pursued a policy of neutrality and military non-alliance. • Finland is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party political system. • Finland joined the European union on the January 1st , 1995. Finnish Film • The first feature made in Finland was Lönnbrännarna ( Bootleggers ), which premiered in 1907. The film, of which there remain only a few stills, was a result of a script contest aimed at creating a national cinema. • The advance of the film industry was delayed by Russian oppression and the civil war, for one decade. • One of the central figures in the early history of Finnish filmmaking was...
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course ~ ~ taught by Professor ~ during the Spring '10 term at Fudan University.

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èŠ&no - FINNISH FILM&#2 Finland Current Situation in Finland • Finland is the fifth largest country in Europe • The area of

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