瑞典电影+(V-campus)

瑞典电影+(V-campus)

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Unformatted text preview: Sverige/Sweden  � Maps of Sweden The Country Sweden, officially Kingdom of Sweden A constitutional monarchy Monarch: King Carl XVI Gustaf Population:9,002,000 (2005) Land area:173,648 sq mi (449,750 sq km) Capital: Stockholm Kingdom of Sweden The People The great majority of the nation's population speaks Swedish and is descended from Scandinavian tribes; There is a sizable Finnish-speaking minority and a small Lapp-speaking minority. About 12% of the population is foreign born. The People For many years, Sweden was a nation of emigrants. From 1860 to World War I, more than 1 million Swedes left the nation, mainly for the United States. Emigration declined significantly after 1930, as the nation industrialized and grew more prosperous. Sweden welcomed many refugees and displaced people after World War II. The People Swedens immigrant population and ethnic diversity have increased rapidly in recent decades. The largest immigrant groups in Sweden are from Finland and the neighboring countries of Norway and Denmark. Other significant immigrant groups include people from Iran, Iraq, Hungary, Turkey, and Poland. The People The People Religion and Social Welfare Most Swedes belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church. It was long the official state church, but it was disestablished in 2000. Social welfare legislation has long been advanced and comprehensive, providing for pensions, maternity benefits, health insurance, and allowances for all children. The Lutheran Church The Nobel Prize Important Historical Facts 1397 - Union of Kalmar unites Denmark, Sweden and Norway under a single monarch. Denmark was the dominant power 1523 Gustav I of Sweden re-established separation of the Swedish Crown from the union. 1611-1718 Sweden became a great power. 1814 The peace treaty of Kiel and Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden. 1905 The union with Sweden disintegrated and Norway became an independent kingdom. Important Historical Facts 1914-18 World War I Sweden remained neutral. 1939 - World War II Sweden declared its neutrality. It rejected a request from Germany to use its territory as a transit route for troops. 1940 - Sweden was forced to allow German troops to march through Sweden to Norway. Important Historical Facts A charter member of the UN but abstained from membership in NATO and did not join the European Union until 1995. 1975 - A new constitution reduced the monarch's powers to those of a ceremonial chief of state. 1997 - Sweden began the controversial shutdown of...
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course ~ ~ taught by Professor ~ during the Spring '10 term at Fudan University.

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瑞典电影+(V-campus)

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