HUMANITIES_6 - The decline and reform: the Ottoman Odyssey*...

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* “ The Odyssey ” is the epic poem attributed to Homer recounting the long wanderings of Odysseus. The noun odyssey used for “a long voyage marked by many changes of fate”, or for “an intellectual or spiritual search”. The reign of Süleyman I “the Magnificent” is considered as the peak of Ottoman magnificence, but signs of weakness was signaling the beginning of a decline. The Ottoman observers of the period point to the cause of decline as the corruption of the recruitment system (devsirme). The use of government opportunity for personal benefits corruption and favoritism at all levels of administration is also a subject of complaint. It is often criticized that the accession and appointments to positions are made not according to ability but as a consequence of the devsirme-harem intrigues. The result was a growing failure of administration throughout the empire, increasing anarchy and misrule, and the fracture of society into hostile communities looking for selfish gain. The side of the economy Economic difficulties began in the second half of the 16th century. The changing trade routes caused the decline of the provinces taking place on the old international trade routes of the Middle East. This decreasing of sources created an increasing imbalance of trade between East and West. The Ottoman economy also faced a serious inflation, caused by the influx of precious metals into Europe from the Americas.
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HUMANITIES_6 - The decline and reform: the Ottoman Odyssey*...

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