Lecture 12 Renaissance to 1700s - The History of...

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NATS 1690 - Renaissance to 1700s 1 The History of Evolutionary Thought: 2. Renaissance to 1700s Fossil shark tooth “tongue stone”
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NATS 1690 - Renaissance to 1700s 2 Reference Custom Textbook – An Introduction to Biological Evolution , 2009 Pages 62 - 74
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NATS 1690 - Renaissance to 1700s 3 Lecture Topics Introduction Anaximander, Xenophanes, Empedocles, Aristotle, Lucretius After the fall of the Roman Empire The Middle Ages During the Renaissance and After Comparative Anatomy – Vesalius Bishop James Ussher Nicholas Steno John Ray Progressionism
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NATS 1690 - Renaissance to 1700s 4 During the Renaissance (~1300s – 1500s) and After World began to open up – civilization advanced – more people learned to read and write – interest in the history of life was renewed
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NATS 1690 - Renaissance to 1700s 5 Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564): http://21citizen.org.uk/learning/artimages/bodies/vesalius/renaissance.html Sought to understand the mechanisms of the natural world through careful observation Discovered mistakes in the ancient texts used to teach anatomy to medical doctors 1543 - book of Comparative Anatomy De humani corporis fabrica libri septem – or the Fabrica “The Seven Books on the Structure of the Human Body” http://archive.nlm.nih.gov/proj/ttp/flash
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6 Direct observations of prisoner cadavers & comparisons to animal corpses Not right way to study human anatomy Although, his careful work did show that humans have many anatomical similarities to other animals thus placing humans in the natural world http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/historicalanatomie
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NATS 1690 - Renaissance to 1700s 7 Church still persecuted opinions contrary to Christian religious doctrine According to Genesis , the first book of the Bible
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