1-The Decline of Athenian Democracy

1-The Decline of Athenian Democracy - 9/1/10 Hist 151...

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9/1/10 Hist 151 Decline of the Athenian Democracy (431-390s BC) #1 Imperial hubris? o Athens’ great wealth, arrogance, and imperial ambition (e.g. meddling in Corinth) inspired resentment and resistance) Peloponnesian Wars, 431-404 BC o Sparta and allies v. Athens and allies Athens Surrounded by water More spread out allies Wanted to use its Long Walls to defend itself from attack Deploy superior naval forces to harass Sparta’s allies Spartans Land-locked Close together (big city states) Blockade Starve out the Athenians At first, inspiring resilience o Pericles’s funeral oration, 431 BC: Why do we fight? We are an example to the world! Captures Athenian self-being We are the school of Helas (Greek Nation as a whole) We pursue knowledge without a feminiscy #2 Disease and the devastation of war o Plague in Athens in 430 weakened its defenses, a bad omen of the future development #3 In the wake of war… demagogues and sophists
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1-The Decline of Athenian Democracy - 9/1/10 Hist 151...

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