8-Plato and Alexander - Hist 151 9/8/10 A word not in...

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Hist 151 9/8/10 A word not in today’s lecture… Epistemology o What we know and how we know it? Finishing up with Plato o Plato the first important statement about epistemology o Republic – Allegory of the Cave Projections of shadows (Cave dwellers) v. Person able to leave the Cave (Reality) We humans only grasp the shadow forms; lacking sophistry and are deceived by their senses True forms are somewhere out there – Philosophers can obtain; they can rise above material matter All of Plato’s dialogues from Socrates view point but Plato’s ideas o Plato’s politics and epistemology Distrusts Democracy (most people don’t have the self-discipline and smarts to govern themselves) Philosopher kings (can obtain eternal truths) Elitist and autocracy Epistemology – higher realm that is true and unchanging Influential Platonic ideas transmitted throughout the ancient world A Hellenized World o Projecting Hellas (Greeks), a process understood in 2
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8-Plato and Alexander - Hist 151 9/8/10 A word not in...

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