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4- Justinian and Islam - Hist 151 The 6th 8th Centuries...

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Hist 151 10/4/10 The 6 th – 8 th Centuries: Defining the “West”? Byzantium Islam Charles the Hammer and his grandson 1. East and West Distinction since 300 forward (Roman Empire) a. Founded in 324, Constantinople became the world’s greatest city i. Impregnable city (walls) ii. Economic Crossroads for most of the civilized world iii. Survived under Roman rule until 453 (Fall of Rome) iv. Superior intellectual and artistic resources, based largely on the managing and revitalization of the classical heritage 2. Periods in Byzantine History a. 3 rd -7 th cent. : Roman inheritance important; links to Roman/Med. Past evidence everywhere b. Look on PPT c. 6 th Cent. Largely controlled old Roman empire 3. Justinian (r. 527-565) a. Shared power (according to Procopius, the “last of the ancient historians”) with empress Theodora, who saved J. from the “Nika” Riots in 532 i. Critiques of Theodora – template of Women to come 1. “Such a Slave of Pleasure” b. Rebuilt the damaged Hagia Sophia c.
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