25 - Saint Francis Hist 151

25 - Saint Francis Hist 151 - Hist 151 10/25/10 Coercing...

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Hist 151 10/25/10 Coercing and ministering to the flock: 13 th c Catholicism 1. In the wake of Investiture, the institutional powers… look at PPT Papacy ascendant, ca. 1150-1300 o Doctrinal clarity (Fourth Lateran Council, 1215), with priestly status also clarified and enhanced Shouldn’t marry/no sexual relations No Trials by Ordeal Priesthood had a higher moral status (more educated, higher social status) o Pope Innocent III (1198-1216), most powerful of medieval popes, could order kings to behave Told Phillip the II, He had to take back his wife He called the shots internationally o Church increased its jurisdiction over property/tax/legal questions (remember Thomas Becket’s example) With power, new criticisms o Bernard of Clairveax (Ca. 1150) (St. Bernard): Bishops should be the heirs of Peter, not Constantine (too much wealth and power for the church---remember true mission of the Church) o The merchant Peter Waldo in Lyons (ca. 1180): the church should liquidate its wealth, care for the poor. (Waldensians
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25 - Saint Francis Hist 151 - Hist 151 10/25/10 Coercing...

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