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midterm review sheet

midterm review sheet - Katie Silva Midterm Review Sheet...

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Unformatted text preview: Katie Silva Midterm Review Sheet Hinduism General Facts • One of the oldest religious traditions • There is no real founder • Believe that you can have or achieve whatever you want • Healthy approach to sexuality o Karma Sutra- sex manual, enjoyment of life and the body • Have a caste system • Worship multiple gods o Choose god based on what looking for or need o Male, female, animal, counterparts • Diwali- the festival of lights o Similar to Hanukah and Christmas • Eating beef is now a sin when it used to not be, cows are holy, sacred animal, fertility of the earth • Hindu texts are written in Sanskrit • Buddhism & Jainism- 2 religious traditions that separated from Hinduism o reaction against the caste system o Hindus still accepted them after broke away and protested • water is significant in cleansing the exterior as well as the internal • Hindus do not have specific days/times to worship • Puja- offering/sacrifices offered to gods while worshipping/praying • Soma- liquid of plant, drink for immortality Gods • Indrah- most mentioned/famous god, similar to Zeus • Agni- god of fire, second to Indrah in popularity • Trimurti = trinity, 3 gods o Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu o Brahma- creator o Shiva- destroyer o Vishnu- protector • Shiva has 2 female counterparts o Kali- negative o Parvati- lovely, feminine o Female avatars • Vishnu can take on human form- Krishna o Krishna- portrayed as young man, baby, small boy, plays flute & mesmerize ladies • Ganesh- the elephant god o Has 4 arms, heads, etc. to see in all directions o Shiva’s son, disobeyed, punishment was given an elephant head • Hanuman- the monkey gods o Have their own temple • Brahman- ultimate divine being, invisible but everywhere, spirit • Atman- individual soul, innermost self 1 Katie Silva Midterm Review Sheet o Essence of Hinduism- to realize the oneness of Brahman and Atman Yoga • Used to distress, calm down • Increase flexibility • Meditation or concentration • Exercise • Jnana- yoga of knowing...
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midterm review sheet - Katie Silva Midterm Review Sheet...

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