Interesting Facts.docx - Interesting Facts The Dome of the...

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Interesting Facts The Dome of the Rock is built on the place where, according to Muslim’s belief, Mu ammad ascended to heaven. h The Dome is built on the place where, according to Jews, Abraham offered Isaac as a sacrifice. The building is built over a sacred stone The Dome is octagonal in shape. Its most distinct feature is the gold dome. The Dome of the Rock is the oldest Islamic building to survive. The marble and mosaic parts of the dome were added centuries after it was built. The building suffered many damages over the years and it was rebuilt several times. Last major rebuilding was done in 1035. Dome of the Rock The Dome of the Rock is a 7th-century edifice located in Jerusalem. It enshrines the rock from which Mu ammad is said to have ascended to h heaven. Sometimes erroneously called the Mosque of Umar, from a tradition that it was built by Caliph Umar I, the Dome of the Rock was actually built by Caliph Abd al-Malik between 687 and 691. The first domed shrine to be built, the Dome of the Rock is a masterpiece of Islamic architecture. The octagonal plan and the rotunda dome of wood are of Byzantine design. The Persian tiles on the exterior and the marble slabs that decorate the interior were added by Suleiman I in 1561. The Dome of the Rock is located on a rocky outcrop known as Mount Moriah, where, according to Jewish belief, Abraham offered his son Isaac as a sacrifice. The inscriptions inside the building glorify Islam as the final true revelation and culmination of the faiths of Judaism and Christianity. The building is actually not a mosque but a ciborium, erected over a sacred site.

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