chapter 5 test

chapter 5 test - Name: Class: Date: ID: A Possible Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: Name: Class: Date: ID: A Possible Chapter 5 Questions Psy 320 Multiple Choice Identify the letter oflhe choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. According to the S—R model of conditioning, the 3. NS becomes associated with the US. b. the CR becomes associated with the US. c. the UR becomes associated with the NS. (:1. the NR becomes associated with the CS. According to the S—R model of conditioning, the CS should elicit a. a preparatory response. b. an anticipatory response. c. the same response as the UR. d. a different response from the UR. According to the 5—8 model of conditioning, a. the NS becomes associated with the US. b. the CR becomes associated with the US. 0. the UR becomes associated with the NS. d. the CR becomes associated with the CS. According to the 8—8 model of conditioning, the CS should elicit a. a response that is different from the UR. b. a response that is identical to the UR. c. a response that is similar to the UR. d. a response that is somehow related to the US. Suzie once encountered a snake in the woods near town, and as a result developed a strong fear of those woods. Later, however, she learned that there are no snakes in those woods, and that what she thought was a snake must have instead been a branch lying on the ground. As a result, she immediately lost her fear of the woods. This suggests that Suzie's fear of the woods must have been based on an _ association. a. S—R b. 8-8 0. R-S d. R-R Suzie once encountered a snake in the woods near town, and as a result developed a strong fear of those woods. Later, however, she learned that there are no snakes in those woods, and that what she thought was a snake must have instead been a branch lying on the ground. If her fear reaction was based on an M association, then her fear of the woods should now a. 8—8; remain unchanged b. S-R; decrease c. S-R; remain unchanged d. both a and b are true According to Pavlov's stimulus—substitution theory, the acts as a substitute for the a. CS; NS b. CS; US 0. US; CS d. NS; US Name: ID: A 10. ll. l2. l3. 14. 15. According to Pavlov‘s stimulus-substitution theory, the dog salivates to the sound of a metronome because a. the metronome acts as a substitute for the food. b. the food acts as a substitute for the metronome. c. the dog anticipates that it will soon receive food. d. the dog has become sensitized to the metronome. According to theory, the CR should be quite similar to the UR. a. stimulus—stimulus b. stimulus-substitution c. Rescorla—Wagner d. preparatory response Pavlov's stimulus—substitution theory is an example of a(n) a. 8-8 model. b. S-R model. c. compensatory—response model. (1. preparatory response model. A man with a shoe fetish spends considerable time obtaining women's shoes. This behavior is most easily explained by which theory of conditioning? a. compensatory response theory b. preparatory response theory c. stimulus—substitution d. compensatory—substitution theory Pavlov believed that the process of pairing an NS with a US resulted in the formation of a neural connection between a. different reflex arcs within the spinal cord. b. different areas in the cortex that are activated by each type of stimulus. c. cortex and thalamus. d. sensory and motor regions of the cortex. The major difficulty with Pavlov‘s stimulus-substitution theory is that the _ are sometimes quite _. a. CR and UR; similar b. CR and UR; different 0. CS and US; similar d. CS and US; different According to the preparatory-response theory of conditioning, the purpose of the ___w is to enable the organism to get ready for the _ a. NS; US b. CR; US c. UR; US 01. CR; CS The fact that a rat‘s fear response to an aversive CS is likely to be quite _ its response to the aversive US is best explained by . a. similar to; opponent process theory b. different from; the S-R theory c. different from, preparatory response theory d. similar to; stimulus—substitution theory [Q Name: 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. ID: A Classical conditioning of compensatory responses provides evidence for which of the following theories of conditioning? a. R—S b. S-R c. stimulus—substitution theory d. preparatory—response theory In support of the preparatory-response theory of conditioning, a. the CS is usually quite different from the US. b. the CS is often quite similar to the US. 0. the CR and UR are often quite similar. (:1. the CR can sometimes be quite different from the UR. The unconditioned response to a shock is usually a(n) in heart rate, while the conditioned response to a tone that has been paired with shock is often a(n) __ in heart rate. a. increase; decrease b. decrease; increase c. decrease; decrease 01. none of the above The compensatory~response model of conditioning predicts that, everything else being equal, an avid golfer who really enjoys the game will most enjoy playing a. on his home course. b. on a strange course. c. on a course that is slightly different from his home course. (1. either a or c The average person would likely become most intoxicated by drinking alcohol a. in a favorite lounge or bar. b. at a loud, noisy party. c. at a small, quiet party. d. while taking a shower. Given that each drink contains the same amount of alcohol and that you drink each drink at the same rate, you will likely become most drunk if you are drinking a(n) drink. a. sweet b. bitter c. familiar d. unfamiliar According to the compensatory-response model of conditioning (and assuming that it applies to situations such as these), a married couple would be most aroused if they made love a. in a brightly colored hotel room. b. in a strange hotel room. 0. in their bedroom. d. during a hangover from alcohol. According to the compensatory-response model of conditioning, if a certain drug has a tendency to increase blood pressure, then just being in an environment associated with taking the drug may a. decrease blood pressure. stabilize blood pressure. further increase blood pressure. cause wide fluctuations in blood pressure. P‘F’F" Name: 24. 25. 26. 28. 29. 30. 31. ID: A In keeping with the model of conditioning, many drug fatalities occur when the person injects a normal dosage of the drug in a(n) __ environment. a. 8-8; familiar b. compensatory—response; unfamiliar c. compensatory—response; familiar d. S—R; unfamiliar In keeping with the compensatory—response model of conditioning, many drug fatalities occur when the addict injects a(n) dosage of the drug in a setting that is to drug use. a. normal; strongly related b. unusually large; unrelated 0. normal; unrelated d. unusually large; strongly related The compensatory—response model of conditioning predicts that it will be easier for someone to quit smoking a. gradually. b. suddenly. c. in a smoking-related environment. d. in an environment not related to smoking. According to the compensatory-response model of conditioning (and assuming that it is relevant to relationships), it would be easier to go through a marriage break—up a. if you were married for a long time. b. while drunk. c. if you moved to a different apartment from where you had lived with your former partner. d. if you stayed in the same apartment that you had lived in with your partner. In contradiction to the compensatory-response model of conditioning, the CSs for some drugs elicit reactions that a. mimic the effect of the drug. b. reduce the effect of the drug. 0. are the opposite of the effect of the drug. d. both b and 0. According to theory, a given US can support only so much conditioning. a. Rescorla—Wagner b. opponent process c. preparatory response (1. compensatory response According to the Rescorla—Wagner theory, a given US a. compensates for the effect of the CS. b. can support only so much conditioning. c. often has unpredictable effects. d. can support unlimited amounts of conditioning. According to Freud's notions of psychic energy, the investment of more energy in the id (the instinctual component of personality) means that less energy is available for the ego (the rational component of personality). This model is analogous to which theory of classical conditioning? a. preparatory-response theory b. stimulus-substitution theory c. Rescorla-Wagner theory d. Rescorla-Epling theory Name: 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. ID: A According to the Rescorla—Wagner theory, the amount of conditioning that occurs a. is unlimited. b. is unaffected by the number of CSs. c. is limited and must be distributed among the various CSs available. d. both a and b According to the Rescorla-Wagner theory, if a bell and a light are simultaneously associated with shock, then the amount of fear elicited by the bell will be a. the same as that elicited by the light. b. different from that elicited by the light. 0. unaffected by the amount of conditioning that occurs to the light. d. affected by the amount of conditioning that occurs to the light. Suppose a US supports a maximum associative value of 10. According to the Rescorla-Wagner theory, if one CS in a compound stimulus has acquired 7 units of associative value, the other CS will at most have acquired units of associative value. a. 3 b. 7 c. 10 d. 17 Suppose a US supports a maximum associative value of 30. According to the Rescorla—Wagner theory, if one CS in a compound stimulus has acquired 10 units of associative value, then the other CS will at most have acquired M units of associative value. a. 15 b. 30 c. 10 d. 20 A compound stimulus consists of a buzzer and a light flash, each of which has 0 units of associative value. This compound stimulus is then repeatedly paired with a sweet drink that can support a maximum associative value of 15 units. Following these pairings, the buzzer has acquired 14 units of associative value. This means that the light flash has at most acquired units of associative value, which is a demonstration of a. 1; overshadowing b. l; blocking c. 15; simple conditioning d. 14; the overexpectation effect According to the Rescorla-Wagner theory of conditioning, blocking occurs because a. the US has already taken up most of the available associative strength. b. familiar stimuli are more difficult to condition. c. the CS gathers more associative strength than the US. d. the CS has already taken up most of the available associative strength. A compound stimulus consists of a click, which already has 15 units of associative value, and a scent, which has 0 units of associative value. This compound stimulus is then paired with a shock that can support a maximum associative value of 15 units. Following these pairings, the scent will likely have W units of associative value, which is a demonstration of a. 0; overshadowing b 7.5; the overexpectation effect c. 15; overshadowing d O; blocking Name: 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. ID: A To say that a CS has high associative value is equivalent, in more cognitive terms, to saying that a. the animal expects that the CS will be followed by the US. b. the CS is a good predictor of the US. c. the CS is a good substitute for the US. d. both a and b A click and a scent are each separately paired with a shock, and conditioned to a maximum associative value. The click and scent are then combined into a compound stimulus and subjected to further pairings with the same shock. A likely result is that the associative value of one CS will while the associative value of the other CS will a. decrease; increase b. decrease; also decrease c. remain unchanged; remain unchanged d. increase; increase Don was equally attracted to Sasha and Dominique, whom he dated separately. Over time, he learned to become very aroused by Sasha's style of dress and by Dominique’s perfume. Later, he struck up a relationship with Marnie, who dressed like Sasha and wore the same perfume as Dominique. According to the Rescorla~Wagner theory, the amount of arousal Don experiences from the perfume alone will likely a. increase. b. decrease. c. remain the same. d. decrease only if the amount of arousal produced by the style of dress increases. A click and a scent are separately paired with a shock, and each conditioned to the maximum associative value. The click and scent are then combined into a compound stimulus and subjected to further pairings with the shock. This is obviously an experiment on the w effect. a. blocking b. overexpectation c. overshadowing d. sensory preconditioning An aversive blast of air has a maximum associative value of 15 units. A compound stimulus consisting of a click and a scent are repeatedly paired with the puff of air, until the asymptote of conditioning has been reached. The scent acquires 13 units of associative value. This means that the click must have acquired units of associative value, which is an example of a. 13; overshadowing b. 2; blocking c. 2; overshadowing d. 13; blocking Selby found that as he became increasingly interested in a new girl at a school, he began to lose interest in his girlfriend. However, after he found out that this new girl was a rather nasty person, his romantic feelings for his girlfriend returned. Selby‘s experience is consist with the of conditioning. a. stimulus-substitution theory b. Rescorla—Wagner theory c. compensatory-response model d. S—R model In general, phobias represent a process of a. discrimination. b. dishabituation. c. overgeneralization. d. reciprocal inhibition. Name: ID: A 46, In the Watson and Rayner experiment with Little Albert, the US was the a. rat. b. loud noise. c. shock. (I. Santa Claus mask. 47. In the Watson and Rayner experiment with Little Albert, the CS was the a. rat. b. loud noise. c. steel bar. d. Santa Claus mask. __ 48. In the "Little Albert" experiment, loud noise is to white rat as is to . a. CS; NS b. US; CS 0. CS; US Cl. UR; CS 49. In the Watson and Rayner experiment with Little Albert, the rat was a. initially the CS. b. initially the NS. 0. the US. (1. the UR. 50. In the Watson and Rayner experiment with Little Albert, Albert’s fear of the was regarded as evidence of stimulus generalization. a. rat. b. loud noise. 0. Santa Claus mask. d. steel bar. 51. The limitations of Watson and Rayner’s Little Albert experiment as an example of phobic conditioning include a. the rat had to be repeatedly paired with the loud noise. b. Albert's fear started to diminish following a rest period of several days. c. Albert's fear was easily diminished by thumbsucking. d. all of the above 52. Factors which suggests that Little Albert did not grow up to have a phobia of furry objects include which of the following? a. Little Albert had been exposed to only one pairing of the rat and the loud noise. b. Little Albert did not have the kind of temperament often associated with phobias. c. Rats are not an appropriate stimulus for phobic conditioning. (1. Little Albeit grew up in an environment in which he had a great deal of control. 53. Watson and Rayner chose Albert as a subject for their experiment on phobic conditioning because a. he was fearful of a wide variety of objects and events. b. he was an orphan. c. he had shown extreme emotional stability in previous tests. d. both a and b Name: 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. ID: A Watson and Rayner justified their experiment on Little Albert by claiming that what happened to him during the experiment a. would toughen him up. b. was little different from what happened to children in regular life. 0. would lead to important scientific breakthroughs. d. would not kill him. Toward the end of their article on Little Albert, Watson and Rayner a. expressed regret for what they had done to him. b. emphasized that Albert would likely overcome his fears as he grew older. 0. speculated that Albert might retain his phobia into adulthood. d. described how they cured Albert of his phobia. During the Second World War, the vast majority of people exposed to air raids developed a. temporary fear reactions that quickly disappeared. b. intense fear reactions that took several years to disappear. c. repressed fear reactions that never disappeared. d. repressed fear reactions that grew worse as years passed. During the Second World War, a major predictor of whether children developed an intense fear of air raids was whether their mothers a. were fearful of air raids. b. paid attention to them for being fearful. 0. failed to comfort them when they were fearful. d. were divorced. If we inherit a tendency to learn fears by observation, then the display of fear by others serves as a(n) for a fear response in ourselves. a. NS b. US c. UR d. CR If we have an innate tendency to acquire conditioned fears through the observation of fearful reactions in others, then the look of fear in others must be functioning as a(n) a. conditioned stimulus. b. unconditioned stimulus. c. discriminative stimulus. (1. neutral stimulus. Temperament is an animal’s a. base level of emotionality. b. reactivity to stimulation. c. cognitive capacity. d. both a and b Aaron is much more reactive to loud noises and sudden events than Kevin is. Using the terminology provided in the text, we would say that there seems to be a difference in between the two children, which has probably to a large extent been a. preparedness; learned temperament; inherited preparedness; inherited temperament; learned 9.0.0“ Name: ID: A People in general more easily acquire a fear of snakes than of birds. This is an example of the effect of . Certain people more easily acquire a fear of snakes than do other people. This is an example of the refers to an animal's inherited tendency to acquire certain kinds of fears more easily Valentine (1930) was unable to replicate Watson and Rayner's results when he attempted to condition his little daughter to become fearful of some inanimate objects. This provided some of the earliest evidence for in phobic development. Valentine (1930) was unable to produce a phobia in his young daughter by blowing a loud whistle when she touched certain objects. He speculated that this was because a. the objects were ones that people are not naturally inclined to fear. c. it is difficult to condition a fear response using an auditory stimulus. d. his daughter was too young to be conditioned. Researchers have found that monkeys can develop fear reactions through observational learning when the event. d. none of the above; observational learning does not occur in monkeys Researchers found that when people were exposed to subliminally presented pictures paired with electric shock, they subsequently displayed signs of conditioned anxiety when the pictures were of 62. effect of a. preparedness; US revaluation b. US revaluation; preparedness c. temperament; preparedness d. preparedness; temperament 63. The concept of than others. a. temperament b. incubation c. preparedness (1. selective sensitization 64. the importance of a. selective sensitization b. incubation c. observational learning d. preparedness 65. b. the whistle wasn't loud enough. 66. feared object is a a. fear-relevant b. fear~irrelevant c. both a and b 67. a. flowers and toasters. b. snakes and spiders. c. both a and b d. neither a nor b 68. Burton grows up in an environment in which he has little control over the things that matter most to him. Paula grows up in an environment in which she experiences a great deal of control over what matters most to her. According to research evidence. which of these children will be most susceptible to acquiring a phobia? a. Paula Burton both would be equally susceptible unknown; these types of experiences are irrelevant to phobic development 999‘ Name: 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. ID: A The ease with which a conditioned fear response is acquired can be affected by a. temperament. b. observational learning. c. history of control. d. all of the above The process of a. preparedness b. selective sensitization c. incubation d. US revaluation is the strengthening of a fear response through brief exposures to a feared CS. is the strengthening of a conditioned fear response through exposures to a feared The process of C S . a. selective sensitization; prolonged h. incubation; prolonged 0. selective sensitization; prolonged d. incubation; brief After being bitten by a cat, Shawna occasionally encounters cats for brief periods of time. According to the process of , these encounters may __”_ her fear of cats. a. incubation; reduce b. incubation; enhance c. selective sensitization; enhance d. selective sensitization; reduce After little Tarlo was attacked by a crow, he would run away each time he encountered one. According to the concept of , this may result in a(n) in his fear response. a. incubation; increase b. incubation; decrease c. US revaluation; increase d. US revaluation; decrease After being stung by a bee, Antonio occasionally sees a bee which he then quickly runs away from. As a result, Antonio's fear of bees might ____, which is an example of a process that is known as a. decrease; incubation b. increase; selective sensitization c. increase; incubation d. decrease; selective sensitization Heather was slightly nervous about skiing after she fell and slightly twisted her ankle. She later suffers a serious and painful leg injury in a boating accident. After she fully recovers, she is now not only quite fearful of boating but also of skiing. This is best described as an example of a. US revaluation. h. incubation. c. selective sensitization. d. preparedness. US revaluation can strengthen a phobia through a. direct exposure to a stronger US. b. observational learning. c. verbally transmitted information. d. all of the above lO Name: ID: A Although Jolene was always slightly nervous while driving, she became extremely frightened of driving after witnessing a terrible car accident. This is best described as an example of After the therapist told Stan that he had been permanently damaged by the abuse he suffered as a child, he began to experience symptoms of PTSD. This may reflect a process of , a person's reactivity to a fearful event could increase during a stressful According to the process of selective sensitization, a person's fears may become exaggerated following In phobic development, selective sensitization differs from US revaluation in that the event which a. is unrelated to the original fear conditioning. b. was somehow involved in the original fear conditioning. Tammy used to love horror movies. One night, however, while watching Children Shouldn’t Play with Dead Things, she became unusually fearful. Since then, she has found that whenever she is feeling stressed at work, she has nightmares of being chased by dead people. Which of the following processes most closely 77. a. US revaluation. b. incubation. c. selective sensitization. d. preparedness. 78. a. incubation. b. US revaluation. 0. selective sensitization. d. stimulus generalization. 79. According to the process of event in his or her life. a. US revaluation b. incubation 0. selective sensitization d. preparedness 80. exposure to a. a US of much greater intensity. b. a CS of much greater intensity. 0. an unfamiliar stimulus. d. a stressful event of some sort. 81. exacerbates the person’s fear response 0. is less salient than the original CS. d. is more salient than the original CS. 82. describes what has happened to her? a. US revaluation b. flooding c. selective sensitization d. semantic recovery 83. During exam time, Dilbert finds that he becomes particularly fearful of going out for walks at night. This is best described as an example of a. US revaluation. b. selective sensitization. c. incubation. d. preparedness. ll Name: ID: A 84. Little fears can grow into big fears through the process of a. incubation. b. US revaluation. 0. selective sensitization. d. all of the above 85. A slight fear can grow into a major phobia as a result of a. blocking. b. selective sensitization. c. sensory preconditioning. (1. both a and b 86. Mary Cover Jones (1924) was able to eliminate Peter’s rabbit phobia by a. gradually moving the rabbit closer and closer. b. pairing the presentation of the rabbit with cookies. 0. both a and b d. neither a nor b 87. Mary Cover Jones (1924) was able to eliminate Peter's rabbit phobia by a. placing the rabbit in Peter's lap for long periods of time. b. pairing the presentation of the rabbit with relaxation. 0. both a and b d. neither a nor b 88. Wolpe's treatment of experimentally induced phobias in cats was similar to Mary Cover Jones' treatment of Peter in that Wolpe used W to counter the fear response. a. food b. relaxation 0. drugs d. intense exercise _____ 89. In , an event that elicits one type of response is associated with another event that elicits a(n) m response. a. counterconditioning; similar b. counterconditioning; incompatible c. selective sensitization; similar (1. selective sensitization; opposite 90. The underlying process in counterconditioning is selective sensitization. sensory preconditioning. reciprocal inhibition. sensory preparedness. cannot be both angry and happy at the same time, which means that a good joke can often defuse my anger about something. This is an example of a. counterpreparedness. reciprocal preparedness. covert conditioning. reciprocal inhibition. a b c d 1 9.0.5“ 12 Name: 92. 93. 94. 96. 97. 98. 99. ID: A Ned found that if he ate cookies while thinking about his recurrent nightmare, the frequency and severity of those nightmares began to decrease. This appears to be an example of the process of a. extinction. b. reciprocal inhibition. c. covert conditioning. d. systematic desensitization. The three steps in systematic desensitization include a. creation of a hierarchy of progressively more fearful scenes. b. training in deep muscle relaxation. c. both a and b d. neither 3 nor b The method of systematic desensitization involves pairing ___ with a succession of stimuli that elicit W levels of fear. a. relaxation; decreasing b. muscle tension; increasing c. relaxation; increasing d. muscle tension; decreasing The method of“ involves pairing relaxation with a succession of stimuli that elicit increasing levels of fear. a. systematic desensitization b. exposure and response prevention c. flooding d. implosive therapy With in vivo desensitization, the phobic stimulus is presented a. subliminally. b. with sudden intensity. 0. in imaginary form. d. in reality. With , there are few worries about whether the treatment effect will generalize to the real world. a. flooding b. in vivo desensitization c. imaginary desensitization d. covert sensitization Systematic desensitization is likely to be effective with a. a person who is fearful of crowds. b. a person who is fearful of spiders and nothing else. 0. a person who is fearful of many things. d. all of the above A treatment method that involves prolonged exposure to a feared stimulus is a. flooding. b systematic desensitization. c. in vivo desensitization. d reality therapy. l3 Name: ID: A W 100. Gradual is to intense as is to a. flooding; systematic desensitization b. in vivo flooding; imaginal flooding c. systematic desensitization; flooding d. in vivo desensitization; imagined desensitization 101. The basic process involved in flooding appears to be a. extinction. b. counterconditioning. c. incubation. d. dishabituation. 102. For flooding to be effective, the period of exposure to the feared stimulus must be a. gradually increased. b. gradually decreased. c. relatively long. d. quite short. 103. Problems with flooding include a. the patient may become so stressed that medical complications result. b. the treatment might sometimes worsen a phobia. 0. both a and b d. neither a nor b 104. One must be particularly cautious about using flooding therapy with a person who suffers from a. depression. b. snake phobias. 0. dog phobias. d. posttraumatic stress disorder. 105. Ost‘s single-session treatment procedure for phobias involves a. in vivo exposure to the feared stimulus. b. eliciting relatively intense levels of fear. c. encouraging the client to gradually approach the feared event. (1. all of the above 106. @st’s single—session treatment procedure for phobias combines the with the aspect of flooding. a. gradual approach; brief exposure b. gradual approach; prolonged exposure c. sudden approach; prolonged exposure d. brief exposure; sudden approach 107. Ost's single-session treatment procedure for phobias includes a a. gradual approach b. participant modeling c. prolonged exposure (1. all of the above 108. Exposure~based treatments for phobias are generally more effective when they include a. participatory modeling. nonparticipatory modeling. very brief exposures to the aversive stimulus. covert conditioning. aspect of systematic desensitization component. 999‘ 14 Name: ID: A 109. Freud overcame his own fear of heights using a process similar to a. systematic desensitization. b. flooding. c. covert sensitization. d. participant modeling. 110. Freud believed that the step in the treatment of a phobia should involve a. initial; uncovering traumatic memories b. initial; prolonged exposure to what the person is afraid of 0. final; prolonged exposure to what the person is afraid of (1. both a and c 111. The treatment method known as involves pairing an event that is overly attractive with an unpleasant stimulus. a. systematic desensitization b. flooding c. aversion therapy d. appetitive therapy 112. Forcing yourself to play a computer game to which you are addicted until you are absolutely hate it is an example of a. aversion therapy b. covert sensitization c. flooding d. implosive therapy 113. The method of rapid smoking a. is a form of aversion therapy. b. involves taking a puff every 6—10 seconds. c. both a and b d. neither a nor b 114. Aversion therapy for alcoholism often involves a. the use of an emetic. b. pairing alcohol ingestion with nausea. c. pairing alcohol ingestion with relaxation. d. both a and b 115. Aversion therapy for alcoholism often involves a. the use of an enema. b. pairing alcohol ingestion with relaxation. c. pairing alcohOl ingestion with nausea. (1. both a and b 116. In general, for both smoking and alcoholism, w treatments are more effective than w treatments. a. shock-based; nausea—based b. nausea-based; shock—based c. flooding; covert sensitization d. desensitization; sensitization 1 17. Aversion therapy has been used to treat a. sex offenders. b. smoking. c. alcoholism. d. all of the above 15 Name: 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. ID: A Covert sensitization involves the use of a. an emetic. b. a fear hierarchy. c. imaginal stimuli. d. all of the above Attempting to eliminate your attraction to a former partner by imagining him or her covered in vomit is an example of a. imaginal desensitization. b. in vivo flooding. c. systematic sensitization. d. covert sensitization. In order to overcome her addiction to hamburgers, Sheila imagines that the meat contains ground cockroaches. What therapeutic technique is she attempting to use? a. flooding b. covert conditioning c. desensitization d. in vivo aversive conditioning Developing an aversion to lettuce and tomato sandwiches after hearing a story about someone who once found a spider in such a sandwich is analogous to the treatment procedure known as a. covert sensitization. b. imaginal desensitization. c. imaginal flooding. d. covert flooding. If a person displays an allergic reaction to an artificial flower, the allergic reaction is most likely a a. CS. b. US. 0. CR. d. UR. Research revealed that patients who received chemotherapy in a hospital setting subsequently experienced a(n) immune response when they again Visited the hospital. In this example, the __ would be classified as the US. a. enhanced; hospital b. suppressed; hospital 0. enhanced; chemotherapy d. suppressed; chemotherapy Research revealed that patients who received chemotherapy in a hospital setting subsequently experienced a(n) __~ immune response when they again visited the hospital. In this case, the m would be classified as enhanced; chemotherapy a. b. suppressed; hospital c d suppressed; chemotherapy 16 Name: ID: A 125. The scent of lilacs is repeatedly paired with shots of adrenaline, which facilitates immune system activity. As a result, the scent of lilacs is likely to elicit a. a stress response. b. suppression of the immune system. c. enhanced functioning of the immune system. d. occasion setting. 126. in a placebo effect, the little white pill functions as the while the drug within it functions as the a. US; CS b. UR; CR c. CS; US d. CR; UR l27. Evidence that classical conditioning often underlies placebo effects is the fact that a. the effects are stronger following a period of treatment with the real drug. b. repeated administration of the placebo by itself strengthens its effectiveness. c. both a and b d. neither a nor b 128. The nocebo effect may result from the conditioning of a. substitutive responses b. compensatory responses 0. blocking d. sensory preconditioning 129. Ferguson and Cassaday (1999) speculated that the symptoms of Gulf War Syndrome are actually a. unconditioned responses to stimuli associated with the war. b. conditioned responses to stimuli associated with the war. 0. the result of a viral infection. (1. purely imaginary. 130. It has been argued by Ferguson and Cassaday (1999) that the symptoms of Gulf War Syndrome are actually a. CR5 elicited by stimuli encountered during the Gulf War. b. URs elicited by stimuli encountered during the Gulf War. 0. hysterical in origin. d. a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder. 131. It has been argued by Ferguson and Cassaday (1999) that the symptoms of Gulf War Syndrome are actually a. classically conditioned responses. b. the result of covert sensitization. c. a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder. d. all of the above 132. It has been hypothesized that the symptoms of multiple chemical sensitivity are actually resulting from a process of stimulus a. URs; discrimination b. CRs; generalization c. URs; generalization (1. CR5; discrimination to the drug. l7 Name: ID: A 133. It has been proposed that in multiple chemical sensitivity, the toxic substance to which the person was initially exposed functions as a(n) while the of the substance functions as a(n) a. US; appearance; CS b. CS; appearance; US c. US; odor; CS cl. CS; odor; US 18 ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSY 320 taught by Professor S.quinn during the Spring '08 term at Salve Regina.

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chapter 5 test - Name: Class: Date: ID: A Possible Chapter...

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