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Exam1essay - 1. Explain Poussin's ideas about the "grand...

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1. Explain Poussin's ideas about the "grand manner" of painting. (Points :1) Poussin’s idea about the “grand manner” of painting was that the subject matter of paintings must be carefully chosen. It should describe great and noble themes of heroic actions, battles, and religious content. He believes that if artists focus on basic and unheroic themes they do so because they are not capable of mastering the grandiose subjects. Part of this was his idea of painting landscape. He did not simply imitate what he saw, but created imaginations and ideals of what it should be. 2. Briefly describe the characteristics of Caravaggio's style. (Points :1) Caravaggio is known for his dramatic use of light, as he excelled at contrasting light and dark in his paintings, as well as creating realistic detail. Generally, only part of the scene is lit by an undefined light source and the background remains dark. The setting is of common everyday life, so are the figures with their worn faces showing true emotion. Caravaggio uses the technique of foreshortening to give the impression of three-dimensionality, often positioning the characters so close to the audience that the viewer feels part of the painting and is moved by the actions it depicts. His art could be compared to the experience of watching a play on a theater stage. 3. How did Frans Hals revolutionize Dutch painting? (Points :1) Hals was an excellent portraitist. It was patrons of high status and wealth exuberating nobility that used to request portraits, but this changed during Hals’ time. He was now given the task of portraying the middle class that needed a different approach. Hals especially mastered the creation of group portraits that gave each figure individuality and made it therefore possible to distinguish between them, even if they were wearing similar clothing. He portrayed them in a setting of casual interaction, unlike the usual portraits of a single renowned man in an uncomfortably stiff pose. The characters in his paintings appear natural and it is possible to determine their emotions and attitudes on their faces. 4. Why is said that Vierzenheiligen "retains Italian Baroque's dynamic energy, but banishes all its dramatic qualities?" (Points :1) Vierzehnheiligen’s ground plan is of ovals and circles which create a dynamic rhythm. Its ceilings and windows are lavishly decorated as is common of Italian Baroque. On the other hand, the chapel’s windows let in an illuminating flow of light that brightens up the colorful interior. This takes away from the dramatic shadows and robust intensity of Italian Baroque. 5.
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course ART 3 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Santa Monica.

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Exam1essay - 1. Explain Poussin's ideas about the "grand...

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