U14Notes - Unit 14 The Protestant Reformation By the late...

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Unit 14 The Protestant Reformation By the late middle ages, the Church had entered into a period of crisis. We have discussed the Great schism and papal corruption Due to the advent of the printing press, more people read the Bible and they would begin to dispute Priests during the middle of church Priests were supposed to be celibate, but many of them openly flaunted mistresses. Bishops and church hierarchy did nothing about it because they were doing the same thing Simony (the buying of church offices) was another problem. The pope and bishops would sell prestigious church positions to the highest bidder Nepotism was another problem. Alexander VI made his son a cardinal and he wasn’t even a priest People were also cautious about criticizing the Church because the Church still offered the keys to heaven Catholic Church believed in heaven, hell and purgatory (somewhere between heaven and hell where those who weren’t ready to enter heaven resided.) In order to escape purgatory, you need people to pray for you, especially clergymen. One way to get them to pray for you was through indulgences How do you obtain indulgences? You need to have faith and do good works like praying, charity, helping others, going to mass, going to confession and asking for forgiveness But over time, the church began to sell indulgences. Church needed money to build new beautiful churches and monasteries. The Church also wanted to buy Renaissance art Pope Leo X needed money to pay for the construction of St. Peter’s Church and the Sistine chapel in Rome, so indulgences was one way for the church to collect money “as soon as the coin in the coin box rings, another soul from purgatory springs” Over time this evolved into a system where I could pay a church official for any future sins. In a sense, it gave people a license to do bad Princes in Germany opposed this because too much money was leaving Germany for Italy. German princes believed it was a ploy to enrich the Italians at the expense of the Germans John Huss, a German reformer, condemned corruption of church and pope. Said Bible was source of truth, not pope Humanist ideas also contributed to the new anti-Pope attitude. Erasmus mocked the hypocritical lifestyle of the clergy. Humanists wanted to go back to the Bible itself and remove the Church as a mediator between Bible and people 1
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Humanists wanted to translate Bible into languages the people could understand. Humanists weren’t anti-Christian, but they were anti Pope Printing Press also contributed to Protestant Reformation because the Bible became more accessible, so more people begin to read Bible on their own. Printing press allowed for mass production of books including the Bible The Bible was the first book printed by the new printing press Martin Luther was a German monk who obsessed over whether he was saved (going to heaven.) Luther was an outstanding student at the monastery (where priests and monks are trained) He knew the Bible was right, but he began to realize that not everything the Catholic Church said was
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Byrne during the Spring '07 term at Santa Monica.

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U14Notes - Unit 14 The Protestant Reformation By the late...

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