Handout1 - PHIL 100 Sections 0203,0204,207 Notes for...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 PHIL 100 Sections 0203,0204,207 TA: Kallfelz, W. Notes for Discussion sections Feb3, Feb 10 2006 Basic sub-disciplines in Philosophy and how they hang together Recall our Venn-Diagram illustrating the interrelation of ontology (Ont), metaphysics (Met), aesthetics-ethics (A-Eth), epistemology (Epst) 1 : Consider P, Q, R as particular philosophical positions, or questions. We know that Q pertains to an ontological & epistemological position or question, and that R pertains to an ontological & metaphysical position or question, and that know that P pertains to an ontological, ethical-aesthetic, epistemological, and position or question. Can you think of examples? How about: Q: How does the mental event signaling a perception exist in my mind? For example, my eyes, ears, and other senses receive their inputs that somehow produce some mental event like: “AARGH! There’s a tiger coming after me!” (We’d expect the unfortunate fellow not to sit around and philosophically analyze this event, -- at least not for very 1 Informally, Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge, Metaphysics is the study of the nature of “ultimate” or “fundamental” constituent of reality (i.e., the study of the Real, or the “ really real”), Aesthetics is the study of the nature of beauty, Ethics is the study of the nature of morality (I lumped them together because they involve more a notion of value than fact as their primary objects of study.) Ontology is the study of how “things” exist. (The quotations are meant to show that this notion of “thing,” is very general; i.e., a “thing” or “object” is whatever we can sensibly talk about.) Met Ont Epist A-Eth P Q R
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 long.) Since we’re dealing with mental events, i.e. percepts mediated by natural kind concepts like “tiger,” this is primarily an epistemological issue. But the original question dealt with its nature of existence. Therefore we have such an example. Answers to Q would inevitably overlap into Metaphysics as well. For example, if I believe the mental event: “AARGH! Tiger running towards me!” is just a collection of neurons firing in my brain, I’m giving a materialist account of the event’s existence “in my mind.” On the other hand, if I believe there’s some kind of “software” churning away inside my mind, which takes all the sensory data as “inputs” and spits them out as the “output: “ “Look out! Tiger coming towards you!” I’m advocating some kind of (weak) dualism , as I’m basically saying that the “hardware” of the brain is not the same as the “software” of the mind. Mind/brain can’t be reduced to one another. Exercise 1: Try to come up with questions from (and answers to) positions P , R . (Hint: you might think that
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/18/2010 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor ? during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

Page1 / 8

Handout1 - PHIL 100 Sections 0203,0204,207 Notes for...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online