PHIL 100 Sections 0203,0204,207
TA: Kallfelz, W.
Notes for Discussion sections Feb3, Feb 10 2006
Basic sub-disciplines in Philosophy and how they hang together
Recall our Venn-Diagram illustrating the interrelation of ontology (Ont), metaphysics
(Met), aesthetics-ethics (A-Eth), epistemology (Epst)
P, Q, R
as particular philosophical positions, or questions.
We know that
pertains to an ontological & epistemological position or question, and that
an ontological & metaphysical position or question, and that know that
pertains to an
ontological, ethical-aesthetic, epistemological,
position or question.
Can you think
How does the mental event signaling a perception exist in my mind?
my eyes, ears, and other senses receive their inputs that somehow produce some mental
event like: “AARGH! There’s a tiger coming after me!” (We’d expect the unfortunate
fellow not to sit around and philosophically analyze this event, -- at least not for very
Informally, Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge, Metaphysics is the study of the nature
of “ultimate” or “fundamental” constituent of reality (i.e., the study of the Real, or the “
Aesthetics is the study of the nature of beauty, Ethics is the study of the nature of morality (I lumped them
together because they involve more a notion of
as their primary objects of study.)
is the study of how “things” exist.
(The quotations are meant to show that this notion of “thing,” is very
general; i.e., a “thing” or “object” is whatever we can sensibly talk about.)