mid1_solution - PGE 322K — TRANSPORT PHENOMENA Fall 2008...

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Unformatted text preview: PGE 322K — TRANSPORT PHENOMENA Fall 2008 EXAM 1 Sept 24, 2008 Except where noted, do all calculations in SI units BEWARE OF UNNECESSARY INFORMATION. DO NOT SPEND TOO LONG ON ANY ONE PROBLEM. DO NOT LEAVE ANY PROBLEM BLANK! YOU CAN START ANWERS FROM EQUATIONS IN BSL, JUST GIVE THE EQUATION NUMBER Total:100 pts NAME Fall 2008 1. (30 pts) Below are plots of either the shear force per unit area (17) versus the shear rate (y), or the effective viscosity (u) versus the shear rate. Each of the plots is for a particular fluid. Below each plot, label the fluid as either Newtonian, power law shear thinning, power law shear thickening, or Bingham plastic. ’17 T ‘C r t v NCAWMA '3 bmwpm NEQWUKWJ H H H i t i (ioutfl LR” Nfidmfl’w glimme— SKFAQ TLuuéqatAc- e ' 0K Q) “datum Fall 2008 P = 2.00 x105 Pa P = 2.07 x105 Pa 2) (40 pts) Your first assignment as a new engineer is to design a pipe that will conduct a hydraulic fluid at 0.3 ml/min (5 x 10'9 m3/sec) at a certain pressure gradient. The pipe is angled with the top of the pipe being 2 m higher than the bottom of the pipe. The total length of the pipe is 3 m. The pressure at the top of the pipe is held at 2.00 x 105 Pa, and the pressure at the bottom of the pipe is at 2.07 x 105 Pa. The hydraulic fluid has a viscosity of 10 cP (10'2 Pas), and its density is 1100 kg/m3. Assume the flow is laminar. a) Which way would the fluid flow in the pipe? To the right or to the left? MO LET {—20 oh! (BOT «Mr C CALCQUX‘TQ kgpx’ M0 HL : DNOOMQSPQ. 4’ “(\xt03\k\°)(9\3 “I, Quarxxtog ?e. g H >1¢¥¥w§ ?k ‘lr O = 1.9:}x“) 9‘» R . QWNT Mgr) I Lo»: 05 To NC. (L \ 0%T Fall 2008 b) What is the total head gradient (AH/L) driving the flow? Ad 3.11mi; '110’3‘XH7< LS‘X(O\‘ pk. L ’ V r- — OM 0) Calculate the diameter of the pipe that is needed so the fluid will flow at the desired flow rate (5 x 10'9 m3/sec). If you are uncertain about the head gradient in part b) just use AH/L = 103 Pa/m. "1 _ ~n-Q‘ 2»; \RV: 33%;? (913 ’ 3),. 7— , Tl" L ,4 3 “\0 {\0’1 §x< \o “ [See3= { t‘ & Q“— 3 .._ , 3 i 34% BKLQQK/ (Lgxto [Cf -3“ Fall 2008 d) Is the assumption of laminar flow valid for this size pipe? €£94V> QC: N a... 1: (V73 flat -C\ ‘5 _"S AV): ’9‘ z 3x“? M/m' ~. 3.9XW "Vs no} (ownmf’nl 3 '5 A ; (Lt ' Q ncm\(c\.°%no BUM“ _ a}? \0'1 WCJM Lb OK Fall 2008 velocity profile. We assume that VZ = VZ(X), and that P = P(x) (no z—or y- dependence in either). a) You do not need to do a shell balance over again, as this problem should look familiar. This problem is slightly different than that in BSL. Write down the last equation in ESL that is correct for this problem. ‘E \M‘L OQ (lfimc Q05 aw : 950‘ Q txg€1 6.039 X b) Now write down the correct boundary conditions for this problem. Fall 2008 c) Now solve for v2 as a function of x. Fall 2008 ...
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