Number 2 - L im 1 Lim, Deborah Ethnic Studies Finals...

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Lim 1 Lim, Deborah Ethnic Studies Finals Professor K. Vora T.A: Angelica Yanez 2010, March 11 Contradicting Truth In Das Gupta’s Unruly Immigrants, most immigrants, people of color, women, and poor citizens all suffer from “invisible laws”, which control wanted people to enter the market labor and compel them to work in the exploitable labor force. American immigration laws hide the reality of the oppression of the domestic workers, immigrants, and minorities in general (homosexuals, people who depend on welfare) in their everyday lives. Indeed, race, gender, sexuality, and class all intersect to create specific obstacles for immigrants’ access to the rights of citizens. America, ironically, makes it harder for these immigrants to live a successful life, when ideally, America is known for opportunities and a place where freedom and equality strives. For example, the Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments (IMFA) reinforces patriarchy, the superiority of men, and furthermore compels immigrant women to depend on their immigrant husbands, even despite their abuses of domestic violence and threats of deportation. Das Gupta introduces two organizations: space-making and policy-taking. Das Gupta states that “space-making organization” are organizations that “engage with local, state, federal, and international legislative processes and with public policy” (Das Gupta, 108). Space- makers grant immigrants their rights as persons when they arrive in America as
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Lim 2 immigrants and practice “transformative politics”. Indeed, “place-taking tactics rely on petitions, debate, and appeals to [the] legislative representatives” and practice “accommodationist politics” (Gupta, 108). Despite the differences, the organizations that Gupta introduces us, challenge us to reflect on immigrant’s rights rather than their citizen rights in American. Gender is one of the many factors that create obstacles for immigrants’ access to rights of citizens. Traditionally, men are known to be of higher rank in the “survivor’s society of origin” than women (Gupta,). The notion of patriarchy, which still exists today in many cultures, existed in America and had a great impact in immigration laws and
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Number 2 - L im 1 Lim, Deborah Ethnic Studies Finals...

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