U2Notes - Lectures Unit 2/Week 2 Egypt There certainly were...

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Lectures – Unit 2/Week 2 Egypt There certainly were contacts between Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization. What are the ways that that different cultures come into contact with one another? War and trade are the primary ways otherwise unrelated civilizations begin to influence once another. All it takes is one person to come into contact with a society and he/she can bring back the cultural practices of another culture Historians aren’t exactly sure how much Mesopotamian civilization influenced Egyptian civilization, but there was some influence. Before about 3000, Mesopotamian civilization was more advanced, but between 2000 and 3000, Egyptian civilization became the world leading civilization What separates Egypt civilization from Mesopotamian civilization is that it lasted for much longer and there is more evidence of its existence. Historians have a much better grasp on Egyptian civilization than Mesopotamian civilizations. The Nile River is the source of all Egyptian life and civilization. Just as the Tigris and Euphrates were critical to Mesopotamia, the Nile is the root of Egyptian civilization. The Nile is about 4,000 miles long. It has two main sources, one in Ethiopia the other in east Africa. They come together in Sudan to form the Nile Most of Egypt is a barren dessert, but like the Tigris and Euphrates, the Nile provides fertile farmland. The weather and Egypt is relatively predictable, meaning the Egyptians know what part of year the heavy rains comes, so they know when the Nile will flood and provide their land with water and rich nutrients They planted wheat, barley and corn – this fed both people and livestock The Nile worked to unite Egyptian villages through trade – boats traveled up and down the Nile, allowing merchants to trade One village may have more corn, another may have more cloth, so they trade. This helps both sides Therefore, there were few food shortages in ancient Egypt. Even if one village suffered a poor harvest, they could trade or obtain food from other village Since they did not have the food worries that other cultures had, this allowed the Egyptians more freedom to focus on developing other parts of their civilization, such as art, pottery, metal working and stone carving The Egyptians started their calendar when the river was likely to flood, what is for our calendar about January 1. It was the Egyptians who came up with a 365 day calendar with 12 months – each month had 30 days and the last 5 days were days for festivals 1
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The twelve month calendar is one of Egypt’s gifts to the modern world. It was adopted by the Romans and provided the foundation for basis for the Roman calendar which is the basis for our calendar. Hieroglyphics is ancient Egyptian style of writing. Like cuneiform, it uses symbols
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U2Notes - Lectures Unit 2/Week 2 Egypt There certainly were...

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