U5Notes - Unit 5 The Roman Empire replaced the Greek Empire...

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Unit 5 The Roman Empire replaced the Greek Empire as the dominant empire in the Mediterranean region. It was deeply influenced by Greek culture. Modern day Europe descends from the Roman Empire. Roman expansion occurred through conquest. This was two hundred years after Alexander the Great’s death, and his empire by this time was weak and divided By 129 BC, Rome controlled most of the former Greek empire. Over the next several hundred years, the Romans come into contact with Greek culture The Roman Empire didn’t reach as far east as the Greek Empire, but it stretched farther west. It included Gaul (France,) Spain and England Like the Greek Empire, the Roman Empire was a remarkably culturally diverse empire. It included Egyptians, Greeks, Jews, as well as most of modern day Europe and Middle East The Roman Empire is often considered to be a universal empire because everyone was allowed to be Roman; everyone was treated equally. It didn’t matter if you were Jewish, Persian or Greek, all citizens of the Roman empire were considered Roman and had the same rights The Roman Empire was built in stages (not in a day, of course) The Romans were great builders and engineers. They are famous for their aqueducts, bridges and of course their stadiums like the Coliseum They mastered the art of concrete by using sand use sand from Mt. Vesuvius. They also employed arches to support their structures Everywhere the Romans conquered, they built the best roads in the world. All roads lead to Rome This facilitated trading and contact between otherwise diverse cultures Rome also mastered the technique of collecting taxes. As they conquered lands, they sent out representatives and administrators who would be in charge of governing these territories and collecting taxes. The Roman Empire was very wealthy Roman Thought Roman thought was largely inspired by Greek thought. All Roman writers and thinkers read the Greek thinkers we discussed The most famous Roman author is Virgil (b. 70 BC,) author of The Aeneid. The Aeneid was modeled after Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. The hero of the Aeneid is Aeneas, son of the goddess Venus
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Like Homer’s epics, it centers around the Trojan War. When the Greeks conquer Troy, Aeneas wanders around the Mediterranean, falls in love with a Queen named Dido, but is forced to leave her because the Gods tell him that it is his destiny to become one of the founding father of Rome Ovid was a great Roman poet who stressed the importance of human emotions Cicero was another one of Rome’s greatest literary figures, b. 106 BC. Like Plato and Aristotle, he was concerned with politics and law. What is the best form of government? Cicero says that what separates humans from animals is reason. We can use reason to discover Justice and Law. Like Socrates, he opposed moral relativism America’s founding fathers read and were influence by Cicero Political history Rome was ruled by a triumvirate in 60 BC – Pompey, Caesar and Crassus. Each of these men had their
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Byrne during the Spring '07 term at Santa Monica.

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U5Notes - Unit 5 The Roman Empire replaced the Greek Empire...

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