U5Notes - Unit 5 The Roman Empire replaced the Greek Empire...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Unit 5 The Roman Empire replaced the Greek Empire as the dominant empire in the Mediterranean region. It was deeply influenced by Greek culture. Modern day Europe descends from the Roman Empire. Roman expansion occurred through conquest. This was two hundred years after Alexander the Great’s death, and his empire by this time was weak and divided By 129 BC, Rome controlled most of the former Greek empire. Over the next several hundred years, the Romans come into contact with Greek culture The Roman Empire didn’t reach as far east as the Greek Empire, but it stretched farther west. It included Gaul (France,) Spain and England Like the Greek Empire, the Roman Empire was a remarkably culturally diverse empire. It included Egyptians, Greeks, Jews, as well as most of modern day Europe and Middle East The Roman Empire is often considered to be a universal empire because everyone was allowed to be Roman; everyone was treated equally. It didn’t matter if you were Jewish, Persian or Greek, all citizens of the Roman empire were considered Roman and had the same rights The Roman Empire was built in stages (not in a day, of course) The Romans were great builders and engineers. They are famous for their aqueducts, bridges and of course their stadiums like the Coliseum They mastered the art of concrete by using sand use sand from Mt. Vesuvius. They also employed arches to support their structures Everywhere the Romans conquered, they built the best roads in the world. All roads lead to Rome This facilitated trading and contact between otherwise diverse cultures Rome also mastered the technique of collecting taxes. As they conquered lands, they sent out representatives and administrators who would be in charge of governing these territories and collecting taxes. The Roman Empire was very wealthy Roman Thought Roman thought was largely inspired by Greek thought. All Roman writers and thinkers read the Greek thinkers we discussed The most famous Roman author is Virgil (b. 70 BC,) author of The Aeneid. The Aeneid was modeled after Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. The hero of the Aeneid is Aeneas, son of the goddess Venus
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Like Homer’s epics, it centers around the Trojan War. When the Greeks conquer Troy, Aeneas wanders around the Mediterranean, falls in love with a Queen named Dido, but is forced to leave her because the Gods tell him that it is his destiny to become one of the founding father of Rome Ovid was a great Roman poet who stressed the importance of human emotions Cicero was another one of Rome’s greatest literary figures, b. 106 BC. Like Plato and Aristotle, he was concerned with politics and law. What is the best form of government? Cicero says that what separates humans from animals is reason. We can use reason to discover Justice and Law. Like Socrates, he opposed moral relativism America’s founding fathers read and were influence by Cicero Political history Rome was ruled by a triumvirate in 60 BC – Pompey, Caesar and Crassus. Each of these men had their
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern