U6Notes - Jesus The quest for the historical Jesus began in...

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Jesus The quest for the historical Jesus began in the 1800s Most historians believe that was a real person named Jesus. We have found references to him dating back to the first century A.D., including mentions of his crucifixion In 2002, a box was found dating back to the time of Jesus which had the inscription, “James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus.” He was probably born around 3 or 4 BC (not 0,) but we know virtually nothing about Jesus’ life until about the age of 30 Even the New Testament is vague when it comes to Jesus’ life before the age of 30 We are pretty sure his father was a carpenter which means he probably grew up in a middle class family We are pretty sure he had brothers and sisters What religion was Jesus? He was a devoutly religious Jew. You can’t understand Jesus or Christianity without understanding the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Jesus lived several hundred years after the Hebrew Bible was completed The Old Testament or Hebrew Bible predicts the coming of a messiah who is a King and a prophet. This prophet is a descendant of King David Many Jews living around the time of Jesus were waiting for this messiah who would help them overthrow the Romans and help them establish their own independent kingdom. They were expecting a great warrior, like King David For Christians, Jesus is this messiah, for Jews, he is not. The word Christ means anointed one, so for Jews, Jesus is not Jesus Christ In order to understand Jesus, it is important to understand the historical and cultural context from which he emerged The Romans were generally pretty tolerant toward other religions. The peoples of the Roman Empire practiced a wide array of religions such as Judaism, Manichaeism and polytheism Historians have examined the religious issues of the day in order to understand the religious context for Jesus. Romans said Jews could not be called to court on the Sabbath, for example Jews during Jesus’ time were not monolithic; they did not agree on everything. There were different Jewish sects, each with their own beliefs. This is part of the religious context from which Jesus emerges 1
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Much of what we know about Jesus comes from the New Testament. It tells stories of the life and teachings of Jesus. Some of it is in Gochberg. The most famous books are the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. They tell the stories of some of Jesus’ alleged miracles, such as healing the sick, turning water into wine and walking on water None of these authors knew Jesus personally. They probably knew people who knew Jesus, but they did not. We believe they were written about 60-100 AD. Scholars believe Mark was written first and that Matthew and Luke read Mark’s account before completing their own gospels. The Gospels are not always consistent in their stories. Each Gospel has its own theme and way of
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Byrne during the Spring '07 term at Santa Monica.

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U6Notes - Jesus The quest for the historical Jesus began in...

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