U9Notes - Unit 9 The Middle Ages We have completed our...

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Unit 9 The Middle Ages We have completed our discussion of what historians called ancient history and we beginning our journey through what historians called the Middle Ages. All historians agree that the fall of the Roman Empire in the West marks the beginning of the Middle Ages, but when the Middle Ages end is a matter of debate. Anywhere between 1300 and 1500 is accepted. Historians divide the Middle Ages into the “lower Middle Ages” from roughly (500 – 1000) and the later Middle Ages (1000-1400/1500) The term Middle Ages was not used by people living at the time. The term was coined in the 18 th century. Some historians refer to the Middle Ages – especially the early Middle Ages – as the “Dark Ages.” There was certainly less scientific and philosophical inquiring during this period than during ancient period and are modern period. St. Augustine and other leading Christian thinkers argued that scientific inquiry is not important. We should focus our efforts in reaching the next world, the Kingdom of God. We need to study God and the Bible, argued Christians since this will help us live happily forever Europe in the early Middle Ages, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, was governed by barbarian tribes, the most famous of whom are the Franks. Both the French and Germans claim to be descendants from the Franks Around 500, a powerful Frankish king named Clovis converted to Christianity. Clovis was not born Catholic, but he married a Catholic women and she was able to convert him This is important because Clovis controlled one of the largest Kingdoms in Europe. Clovis is considered to be the first King of France. His name in French is Louis When Clovis conquered other tribes, he forced them to convert to Christianity. Christianity continues to spread across Europe The next important Frankish king is Charles Martel. He is most famous for stopping the Muslim advance into Europe Martel appeals to the Pope for help in stopping the Muslims, so an alliance begins to emerge between the Frankish King and the pope Charles’ son was Pepin the Short. Pepin was able to expand his empire by threatening war. War was a regular occurrence during the Middle Ages One of Pepin’s chief allies was the Catholic Church. The Church and its popes supported Pepin’s efforts because he was Catholic and worked hard to expand it. As Pepin’s kingdom expanded, he rewarded the Church with land, including the modern day Vatican
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By the time Pepin dies, his empire includes most of modern day France and Italy. Spain is controlled by the Muslims and Germany is controlled by other barbarian tribes Pepin was a great king, but he is overshadowed his son, Charlemagne, born in 742. He is one of the most famous kings in European history His reign is sometimes the Carolingian (Charles the Great) Era He was 26 when he became king. He was very tall about 6’4, which would be about 7 feet today. He had long blonde hair which he never cut He was also active. He loved swimming, hunting and horseback riding
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Byrne during the Spring '07 term at Santa Monica.

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U9Notes - Unit 9 The Middle Ages We have completed our...

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