U10Notes - Unit 10 The Vikings The Vikings are from...

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Unit 10 The Vikings The Vikings are from Scandinavia (modern day Denmark, Sweden and Finland.) Until the 9 th century, their civilization developed independently from the rest of Europe. Whereas in 3 rd and 4 th century barbarian tribes like the Huns, Anglos, Saxons and Franks began to interact with the Roman Empire, the Vikings remain distinct The Vikings, like most of the other barbarians, were polytheists. Their key Gods were Thor and Odin. Odin gave them courage and wisdom, Thor was the God of thunder and he protected the Viking warriors. The Vikings were outstanding warriors with superior weapons. The men always carried swords, axes or knives In the 9 th century, the Vikings began to launch raids against the Charlemagne’s empire. They had superior ships and launched most of their raids against villages that lie near the water. They would sail right up to the beach and swarm out across the land, loot the territory and were gone before the local armies could be ready for war They would attack villages and monasteries and take back loot like silver and jewels. The Viking empire became extremely wealth They frightened the local villagers because they seemed to have no fear or mercy. They killed women, priests and burned down churches It was in response to Viking raids that many of the medieval castles were built In 911, the Vikings began threatening the city of Paris The emperor of the western half (France) of Frankish empire now was Charles the Simple. Charles makes a deal with the Viking Chief Rollo, telling Rollo that if he converts to Christianity and stop the raids, Charles will make him a duke of a large section of France, Normandy Rollo agreed and the Viking became Christians. Their conversion to Christianity made the Vikings less war-like They began to focus their attention on exploring. The Vikings were the best explorers of the early Middle Ages. Viking settlements in Scandinavia and Normandy were growing overcrowded, so this pushed the Vikings to explore because they needed new places to settle They always had the best boats The most famous Viking exploring is Eric the Red – he discovered Greenland. He called it Greenland because he wanted to make it sound like an appealing place to live His son Leif Erickson explored the eastern coast of Canada and the US
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The Vikings also established trading ports in Russia. They begin to integrate Russia into the Western system. The Roman Empire brought peoples together, so did the Holy Roman Empire, but Russia is not part of either of these systems Russia’s geography has been instrumental in shaping its history. It is common to divide Russia in two parts. The Ural Mountains divides western and eastern Russia (Siberia.) Siberia has some of the harshest climate on earth, but its also rich in natural resources like iron and oil Russia is rich in furs and wood In the 900s, Vikings entered this area and established trading ports which began to integrate Russians into Europe In 988 Vladimir (reigned 980-1015) converted to Christianity which further brought the Russians
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course HIST 1 taught by Professor Byrne during the Spring '07 term at Santa Monica.

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U10Notes - Unit 10 The Vikings The Vikings are from...

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