October 25 - Even minimal groups can impact social identity...

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October 25, 2010 Groups and Identity Pros and Cons of Social Identity Pros Offer a sense of belongingness, commitment (patriotism), self- esteem Cons There can be too much solidarity in a group – take risky actions, stop thinking for yourself Dislike and stereotyping of those in the out-group Sense of competitive/zero-sum world – I only get ahead if other groups get left behind. Social Identity Theory – A Cognitive Account of Group Relations We see the social world in terms of “in-groups” and “out-groups” We derive self-esteem from social identity as an in-group member Our self-concepts are sensitive to how we view our in-group relative to an out-group Tajfel “Generic Norm” – favor your own
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Unformatted text preview: Even minimal groups can impact social identity Phase 1: Form a minimal group Subjects told it is on the basis of some made-up factor Overestimator vs. Underestimator Klee vs Kandinsky Assignment to groups is random Phase 2: Bring group members together Subjects allocate points to pairs of other subjects (NOT to self) Subjects identified by code number and group membership but no other info. Results In-group is consistently favored: 70% of participants demonstrated in-group favoritism. No emotional attachment to the in-group or learned revulsion to out-group...
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