October 6 - Informed consent – “Paramount importance”...

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October 6, 2010 Review Milgram’s study of obedience when it conflicts with own values Question: who will go all the way to 450v? Results: 65%; no one outright refused to continue Explanations Critical issues The task was escalating The victim was remote The authority was legitimate Change remoteness of victim Move learner into same room Only 40% go to 450v Require teacher to hold learner’s hand to a shock plate (after 150v): Only 30% go all the way If there is no feedback from the learner 100% go all the way If the teacher is just reading words, not administering shock: 93% go all the way Change legitimacy of authority Research Associate of Bridgeport (rather than Yale)” 48% go all the way Have experimenter giver orders over the phone: 21% go all the way Have two confederate teachers refuse: 10% go all the way
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Have two experimenters give contradictory orders 0% Ethics Need to respect autonomy of participants
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Unformatted text preview: Informed consent – “Paramount importance” (ASA Ethics Code) Minimize harms to participants Includes stress and other psychological harm Strive for benefits to participants and society Strive for justice in benefits of research, attention to under-served and neglected groups Milgram study was not minimal risk. Participants were not given informed consent Deception was not minimal, it was necessary • There was no idea that there would be risks Milgram did debrief the participants, but only after the experiment was over Participants did not think they were free to terminate study Regulation and monitoring was not done through Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Replicating Milgram Today ABC “Primetime” project Modifications to protocol They were given informed consent, but still, about 65% went all the way...
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2010 for the course SOC 330P taught by Professor Maryrose during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas.

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October 6 - Informed consent – “Paramount importance”...

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