[Chapter 7] - [Spring 2010] - [Jesse]

[Chapter 7] - [Spring 2010] - [Jesse] - Chapter 7 <75 of...

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Chapter 7 <75% of Americans belong to some sort of group. Interest groups - organizations of people with common interests that participate in politics on behalf of their members. Reasons why Americans form groups: -some tendency in our culture that stems from historical experiences -federalism, separation of powers there are lots of points of access that groups can use to influence policy. Patterns: -before Civil War, few national organizations. -1 st 2 decades after the war saw birth of national AG associations/ trade unions. -big wave of organizations developing = progressive era. [1890-1917] -post 1960 = largest /most diverse -single- issue groups- narrowly focused interest groups About joining groups -joining a group requires some investment of resources [contributing $] -Incentives: Solidary [social reasons, simple wish to associate with particular kinds of people], material [economic, because membership offers tangible benefits], purposive [people are committed to/wish the advance the group’s political goals] Free-Rider Problem -free-rider problem- people can enjoy the benefits of group activity without bearing any of the costs. -factors that affect the severity : 1. the larger the group, the greater the problem. 2. more serious the greater the distance and abstractness of the benefit the group seeks to achieve. Public goods: enjoyed simultaneously by a group, as distinct from private goods, which must be divided upto be shared.
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