[Chapter 7] - [Spring 2010] - [Jesse]

[Chapter 7] - [Spring 2010] - [Jesse] - Chapter 7 <75%...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 <75% of Americans belong to some sort of group. Interest groups - organizations of people with common interests that participate in politics on behalf of their members. Reasons why Americans form groups: -some tendency in our culture that stems from historical experiences -federalism, separation of powers there are lots of points of access that groups can use to influence policy. Patterns: -before Civil War, few national organizations. -1 st 2 decades after the war saw birth of national AG associations/ trade unions. -big wave of organizations developing = progressive era. [1890-1917] -post 1960 = largest /most diverse -single- issue groups- narrowly focused interest groups About joining groups -joining a group requires some investment of resources [contributing $] -Incentives: Solidary [social reasons, simple wish to associate with particular kinds of people], material [economic, because membership offers tangible benefits], purposive [people are committed to/wish the advance the group’s political goals] Free-Rider Problem -free-rider problem- people can enjoy the benefits of group activity without bearing any of the costs. -factors that affect the severity : 1. the larger the group, the greater the problem. 2. more serious the greater the distance and abstractness of the benefit the group seeks to achieve. Public goods: enjoyed simultaneously by a group, as distinct from private goods, which must be divided upto be shared. *The free-rider problem implies that democratic politics will favor narrow “special” interests at the expense of
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

[Chapter 7] - [Spring 2010] - [Jesse] - Chapter 7 &lt;75%...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online