Africa_lectures_Ch10

Africa_lectures_Ch10 - MUH 2051/2512 (Bakan) lecture notes,...

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MUH 2051/2512 (Bakan) lecture notes, Ch. 10 (Africa) What is “African music”? ( Second largest continent —11 million sq. miles: 20% of earth’s surface; 25% of world’s population, not even considering people of African descent living in diaspora; tremendous ethnic, linguistic, cultural, and musical diversity) There really is no such thing: rather, African musics Encompasses thousands of diverse musicultural traditions ; several major music-culture regions and sub-regions (Sahara/Maghrib; sub-Saharan west, central, south, east Africa; Madagascar, Cape Verde, etc.); plus the entire African diaspora Home to some of the oldest musics in the world, and heartbeat of contemporary global music too What will we explore? **Sub-Saharan African musics, more specifically a few particular musicultural traditions western portions of sub-Saharan Africa Selected drumming-based traditions of Ghana, West Africa Kora (Mande, jeliya, West African nations incl. Mali, Guinea, Gambia, and Senegal polyvocality — “many voices,” conversational character What common stereotypes will we debunk? The idea that “African music” is one thing (already done) Drumming stereotype Vocal traditions: Ladysmith Black Mambazo http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=J85QrbR5oUE (Ladysmith Black Mambazo—South Africa, from Graceland Africa concert) OR http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=VWk5fXB32Jo (documentary footage, Simon and Shabalala, creative process “Homeless”) CD 1-40—Traditional BaMbuti elephant hunting song Melodic idiophones: Mbira dzavadzimu of the Shona (CD 1-37); large polyphonic xylophone orchestras (Chopi timbila, Mozambique –see p. 196) http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=bnmNeQAIp9g (boys playing mbira in Zimbabwe) Diverse aerophones (from brass bands to animal horn flutes
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and trumpets—photo, p. 197) Diverse chordophones (nkokwane CD 1-44, endongo [Damascus Kafumbe, performer] CD 2-23) Stereotype re: all African music “traditional”—not accurate: history, tradition, modernity African history re: forces of musical continuity and change Ancient era: great empires (Mande, Ghana, Songhay, Dahomey, Baganda): some traditions survive (some in transformed ways— e.g., electric guitar in jeliya) European (and later U.S.) intervention/domination Beginning with early contact, 15 th century Slave trade, 17 th -19 th centuries 19 th -mid 20 th centuries: colonization (British, French, Portuguese) (Impacts within Africa and relative to diaspora) Post-WWII: Independent, postcolonial African nations (**Ghana the first, achieving independence from British colonization in 1957; Mali, independence from French colonization, 1960, etc.) Nationalist movements, music (e.g., mbira as “national instrument” of Zimbabwe) Internationalization (commercial, cultural, etc.) Music and related arts: revival, revitalization,
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2010 for the course MUSIC 105 taught by Professor Henkie during the Spring '08 term at Wisc Oshkosh.

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Africa_lectures_Ch10 - MUH 2051/2512 (Bakan) lecture notes,...

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