Lecture Notes - Chapter 26 Notes Beethoven: Symphony No. 5...

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Lecture 5/8 The Immortal Beloved -Letter was in three parts and was written in 1812. The letter was written between July 6 and 7. Antonie Brentano: -Always refers to his lovers in initials. -probably met her 5 months ago -probably lived in Vienna -very unhappy as a child. -met Beethoven in spring of 1810. - how we know it is her: Only woman in Carlsbad when letter was sent. -wrote letter in 1810 -in Prague, she tells Beethoven that she would leave her husband, but Beethoven wasn’t ready to let that happen, he was good friends with her husband as well. Symphony No.6 Pastoral Symphony -Pan (in Arcadia) -perfect idyllic place, particularly popular in France in 1800 -Watteau-> The shepherds (painting) -Pastoral instruments/music simple harmonics, key of F major, meter is in 6/8, animal sounds -5 movements each one has a title 1) Awakening of cheerful feelings on arrival in the country 2) Scene by the brook 3) Merry gathering of the countryfolk 4) Thunderstorm 5) Shepherd’s song. Happy and grateful feelings after the storm. -Beethoven’s most programmatic work. -Not much conflict until thunderstorm -could have a Christian metaphor. (The Lord is the Shepherd)… 1) -very beginning there is a drone in the lower notes (Pedal point) -Open fifths can’t tell if it’s major or minor (leave out the median) -winds play a large role.
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-development doesn’t really “develop” still very peaceful. -not much a sense of drive, a great deal of repetition. 2) sonata form unusual. -very serene, much more programmatic than the first, depiction of the flow of the water. -bird calls, represented by trills, -use of winds to indicate shepherds. -Beethoven writes in the score labels three instruments with the names.--> Nightingale: flute, quail: oboe, cuckoo: clarinet (very unusual); birds associated with some prophetic quality warning that storm is coming. 3) Scherzo/Trio format -Scherzo depicts an amateur concert (oboes start), huge horn solo. -trio depicts peasant dance (starts with a drone in the bass) -heard the trumpet at the end, warning of the thunderstorm -No proper ending for the 3 rd movement. Leads directly into the 4 th movement. 4) “The Storm” -Daniel Steibelt The Storm Rondo 1798 -showing the power of a god, raining a storm on the people wrecks havoc on the people -Rolls of thunder and crashes of lightning -chromatic scales like the howling winds -very brief only 2 minutes (no proper beginning and no proper ending) -C major chord (signifies the sun approaching) choral melody (signifying some divine presence) C major scale (could signify a rainbow) 5) The Shepherd’s Song- Happy and Grateful feelings after the Storm -Movement opens with the clarinet (sort of like a horn call) horns -6/8 meter (directly associated with pastoral music) Around 1810, was Beethoven’s late style. Somewhat exhausted. Also been playing around with his piano sonatas. Piano sonata 78 had only 2 mvmts. Piano sonata Opus 81a- Das Lebewohl (1809-1810)
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Lecture Notes - Chapter 26 Notes Beethoven: Symphony No. 5...

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