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BIS1C%20Doyle%20study%20guide

BIS1C%20Doyle%20study%20guide - STUDY GUIDE BIS 2C PLANTS...

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STUDY GUIDE – BIS 2C, PLANTS AND FUNGI These are not traditional study questions, but I hope they may be useful as guidelines in studying the material and in distinguishing what’s important from more minor details. I have attached trees from the lecture slides that cover the groups you should know about. In some cases I’ve given names for taxa that you don’t have to know (such as genera of aquatic streptophytes, other than Coleochaete ); I’ve put these names in smaller font. You should know the main clades, such as green plants, land plants, vascular plants, lycophytes, euphyllophytes, seed plants, conifers, gnetophytes, angiosperms, monocots, eudicots, fungi, terrestrial fungi, dikaryotic fungi, ascomycetes, and basidiomycetes, and their synapomorphies. For each synapomorphy, you should know what the corresponding ancestral state was. You should know what outgroups of the major clades say about the order in which their features evolved, such as Coleochaete and Charales relative to land plants, progymnosperms relative to seed plants, the “ANITA” lines in angiosperms, and “chytrids” and “zygomycetes” relative to dikaryotic fungi. When synapomorphies involve new structures, you should have an idea of how these structures function, since they are often vital aspects of the biology of the clade and intimately connected with its success. I have explained what the structures look like and how they develop in more detail than you need to know, largely to make them more concrete and vital than just words on a cladogram.
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