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Kin4512_Chapter_2

Kin4512_Chapter_2 - Cognitive and Motor Development Chapter...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Cognitive and Motor Development Chapter 2
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There is a strong relationship between human intellectual function and movement: Any intellectual change is also accompanied by a change in motor function
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Relationship Cognitive Development Motor  Development
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Terminology Psychomotor Behavior vs. Motor Behavior “Psychomotor” – movements initiated from higher brain centers “Motor” includes all movements (reflexive and voluntary movements) Because of the interaction between “higher” and “lower” (or the central and peripheral nervous systems) the term MOTOR is used more often now than is Psychomotor
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Jean Piaget Most innovative and prolific developmental theorist of his time His theory of cognitive development focused on early movement experiences as foundation for later cognitive development 1896-1980
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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Cognitive development occurs through ADAPTATION Two complementary acts: Assimilation – interpret new experiences based on current knowledge/skills Ex: Someone asks you how something tastes and you compare it to something you have tasted Accommodation - attempts to adjust existing thought to account for new experiences Ex: Do you like wine? No, I do not. Well try this wine it is good. (taste the wine). Wow I like this wine but I don’t like others.
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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Stage Age/Period of Occurrence Sensorimotor Birth to 2 years Preoperational 2 to 7 years Concrete operational 7 to 11 years Formal operational Early to mid-adolescence 11 to 12 years
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