Kin4512_Chapter_12

Kin4512_Chapter_12 - Fundamental Locomotion Skills Chapter 12 Click to edit Master subtitle style Fundamental motor skills are the building blocks

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Fundamental Locomotion Skills Chapter 12
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Fundamental motor skills are the building blocks of more specific skills developed in childhood & later in life.
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Fundamental Locomotion Skills MOVEMENT HIERARCHY Specific Skills Fundamental Motor Skills Basic Motor Abilities
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Fundamental Locomotion Skills Six Basic Motor Abilities Agility- ability to change directions quickly and accurately Balance (static/dynamic)- maintain equilibrium in motion or standing still Coordination (internal/external) Speed- movement time Reaction time- ability to initiate a response quickly Power- amount of force a person can generate fast
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Fundamental Locomotion Skills Fundamental Motor Skills Three categories: Locomotion – chapter 12 (e.g., walking, running, jumping) Non-locomotion (e.g., reaching, bending, stretching) Manipulative (e.g., throwing, catching, kicking)
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Fundamental Locomotion Skills Specific Skills Walking Walking up stairs Running & Jumping Hurdles Throwing Passing a football Kicking Soccer kick
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Fundamental Locomotion Skills Chapter 12 – Fundamental Locomotion Skills Walking Running Jumping Combining fundamental skills: Gallop Slide- both feet in contact with the ground and move to the side Slip-
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Review: Prewalking Movements Crawling Creeping Locomoting with hands held Major limitation The hands are required to move Child cannot explore the environment
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Walking Walking is a complex combination of automatic and voluntary postural adjustments Requires stability to provide support of the body weight, mobility of body segments, and motor control to coordinate multiple body segments while transferring body weight from one limb to another
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Walking Characterized by a progressive alteration of leading legs and continuous contact with the support surface Gait cycle – distance covered by two heel strikes of the same foot
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Walking The transition of the center of mass through space via bipedal locomotion Walking is the process of completing this action requiring the least energy expenditure Walking is the most efficient form of locomotion Efficiency is maximized when the center
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Developmental Aspect Children’s initial attempts at fundamental skills are typically crude and inconsistent compared to adults They grow, gain experience, receive instruction, imitate others and become more proficient Although their size and strength increase gradually, there are somewhat sudden qualitative changes that occur
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Walking frees the hands to explore the environment Gait Cycle Distance covered by two heel strikes of the same foot swing phase 38% support phase 62% double support phase 12% Walking speed increases through
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Walking Phases of gait cycle Double support: both feet in contact with ground Swing phase Begins when foot of one leg leaves support
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2010 for the course KIN 4512 taught by Professor Reeve during the Fall '09 term at LSU.

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Kin4512_Chapter_12 - Fundamental Locomotion Skills Chapter 12 Click to edit Master subtitle style Fundamental motor skills are the building blocks

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