Intro to Political Science Final

Intro to Political Science Final - Dr. John Intro to...

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D r . J o h n L a n g t o n , I n t r o t o P o l i t i c a l S c i e n c e , M W F 2 : 0 0 Fall 09 Intro to Political Science Final 08 Fall
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Intro to Political Science Final: 2009 2
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Intro to Political Science Final: 2009 3 Institutionalism in political parties : an approach that sees political parties as having some capacities for adaptation, but also sees them as being "prisoners of their own history as an institution". A political decision is a public policy decision. Nature of scientific explanation; explaining something scientifically: We seek to explain something within its context. What we know in general Chapter 5 Roskin Democracy: political system of mass participation, competitive elections, and human and civil rights. Illiberal Democracy: Regimes that are elected but lack democratic qualities such as citizen rights and limits on government. Representative Democracy: People do not rule directly but through elected and accountable representatives. Elites: the top or most influential people in a political system control politics. Pluralism: Theory that politics is the interaction of many groups. Totalitarian: Political system in which state attempts total control of citizens. 1. An all-encompassing ideology a. Ideology that is in black and white. Anyone against it is an “enemy of the people”. Ideology = building a perfect, happy society. Marxist- Leninist. 2. A Single Party a. Only one party legally exists – lead by one man. Hierarchically organized and oligarchically controlled. 3. Organized Terror a. “Secret police”. Ex: Nazi Gestapo. Terrorizes most of the population. Mass arrest and execution shows state’s power. 4. Monopoly of Communications
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Intro to Political Science Final: 2009 4 a. Mass media indoctrinates the population – convinces that outside forces are evil and must be stopped. 5. Monopoly of weapons a. Government has total control over weapons, thus eliminating armed resistance 6. Controlled Economy a. State ownership of economy. Economic backwardness proved to be the great weakness of the Soviet Union. 7. Right-Wing Totalitarianism a. Unemployment was widespread; labor disputes were frequent and violent; and runaway inflation wiped out the savings of the middle class – it aims to strengthen the existing social order and glorify the state –citizens are directed toward national glory and war Authoritarianism: non-democratic government but not necessarily totalitarian Oppose individual freedoms in favor of command, obedience , and order Hierarchical organization with a chain of command under the leadership of one ruler or group. o Citizens are expected to obey laws and pay taxes that they have no voice in establishing Nondemocratic regimes controlled by dictators who were not accountable to the people. The dictator does not seek to control everything Whig Democracy: Democracy for the few; typical of early stages of democracy Chapter 6 Roskin Ideology: belief system that society can be improved by following certain doctrines
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2010 for the course POL 105 taught by Professor Dr.langton during the Spring '10 term at Westminster MO.

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Intro to Political Science Final - Dr. John Intro to...

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