Running head: FAMILY THEORIES 1 Term Paper First Name Last Name Institution
FAMILY THEORIES 2 The development of behavioral theories specific to family settings has become a necessity for researchers. These theories help understand the family better and have been developed by different people with varied areas of emphasis, such as family therapists and child development specialists, among others. There are several family theories developed through various perspectives. This paper focuses on exploring different family structures, how they were designed, their features, and how they influence the role of the family in society. Family theories are developed based on various perspectives. These perspectives may be structural-functional by Parson (Beckett, 2000). From this perspective, the view of society was such that it is an organism that strives to resist change and always be in an equilibrium state. The human body and the environment influence the structure and function adopted by a family. Authority and power structures of the father and mother are explained using the concept of social power. The existence of family structures and functions, and then changes they go through influence the preservation of society. In terms of functionalism, the role of the family is analyzed and evaluated as part of a bigger whole, for determining an equilibrium with other social institutions. The family structure involves the members of the family, that is, parents, children, and kin. In contrast, function means how families satisfy their needs, such as physical and psychological, that are necessary for their maintenance. According to Parsons, for a family unit to succeed in adapting to the industrial revolution, it is essential to have a nuclear family structure capable of performing societal functions and satisfy their physical and psychological needs (Beckett, 2000).
FAMILY THEORIES 3 Social Exchange Theory in Relationships Social exchange theory focuses on the analysis of interactions between two parties. This theory performs this analysis by examining the costs and benefits the two parties have to each other. The focal point of this theory is its assumption of the two parties as both giving and receiving valuable items from each other. This theory provides that the likelihood of the interactions to continue, both parties need to feel like they got something more than they gave in the exchange. Also, there needs to be a definite amount of profit for the involved parties (Nakonezny & Benton, 2008). The most significant concepts that form the basis of social exchange theory are rewards and costs. Rewards can be defined as the exchanged resources that bring forth pleasure and satisfaction. Values refer to the exchange resources that viewed as a loss. The framework of this theory helps in understanding sexuality in the context of relationships (Brewster, 1994). Its main focus is on what each party gets and gives from the other (Sprecher, 2001). Through this theory,
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- Spring '17
- Sociology, Family Stress Theory, family theories