PSYC420examone

PSYC420examone - ExamOneStudyGuide ChapterOne Empirical o...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Exam One Study Guide Chapter One Determine the nature of behavioral research and why it is conducted. Determine the limitations of “everyday science” and the intuition for  understanding behavior. Understand what the scientific method is and why it is used by scientists. Empirical o  collection organizing and interpreting data within a common framework o methods: special arrangements, observational/measurement plans Establish knowledge o Skepticism  Contradicting results Nuances and qualifiers Contradictions with real life Truth is stranger than fiction Objectivity o Free from personal bias, emotions Replicability  Understand what the difference between a fact and a value is and to see how the  values of scientists influence their own research.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Values cannot be tested empirically Values (personal statements) vs. Facts ( objective statements supported  empirically)  o Values ex: patriotism individualism  Facts contribute to formation of values  Distinguishing between : o What and how is being studied o Interpretation of empirical data o measures Determine the goals of basic and applied research and to understand how these  are related. Basic- underlying principles of behavior Applied- investigates issues that have implications and provide solutions for  everyday life Translational research-  Illustrate the gains from learning how to conduct, evaluate, and critically evaluate  research. Understand the goals, advantages, and disadvantages of descriptive,  correlational, and experimental research  Precision (using the appropriate terminology) e. g.: predictor vs. independent  variable Scopes and corresponding designs 1. DESCRIPTIVE/ OBSERVATIONAL- provides a snapshot of thoughts  feelings and behaviors at a given place and time
Background image of page 2
o NATURALISTIC-  Ethonography Participant observation  o SURVEYS/INTERVIEWS o QUANTITATIVE More formal measures of behavior including systematic observations,  questionnaires, standardized interviews Statistical analyses o QUALITATIVE Observing and describing the events as they occur Descriptive narratives, notes, audio, and video  o ADVANTAGES Complex picture Large amount of data Behavior as it occurs naturally o DISADVANTAGES Static picture 2. CORRELATIONAL- establishing a systematic relationship between two or  more variables o Indicated by statistical tests o Relationships can be positive or negative o Predictions: the stronger the relation the more accurate the prediction o Amount of one variable explained predicted by the other variable
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o ADVANTAGES Captures relations between variables (sometimes as the behavior 
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '08
  • staff
  • Behavioral Research, conceptual variable, self report measure, conceptual¬† variables, conceptual¬†variables Define

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 13

PSYC420examone - ExamOneStudyGuide ChapterOne Empirical o...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online