edhd445examone

edhd445examone - Edhd445ExamOneStudyGuide SectionOne

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Edhd 445 Exam One Study Guide Section One Piagets theory of development Stages of cognitive development Sensorimotor 0 to 2 yrs- infants knowledge of the world is tied to their senses  and physical actions at the end of this period children develop mental  representations  Preoperational 2 to 7 yrs- children’s thinking focuses on one aspect of a  problem or situation and is often illogical  Concrete operational 7 to 12 yrs- children begin to apply logical operations to  concrete objects that are present or can be represented mentally Formal operational 12 years+ adolescents and adults can understand abstract  concepts and hypothetical situations and they can generate possibilities  Accommodation In piagets theory modifying a scheme or way of understanding the world to  adjust to a new experience Cooing Symbolic representation Babbling Negative reinforcement To take something bad away in order to promote continuing good behavior Positive reinforcement To give something good to promote continuing good behavior Punishment
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Decreases behavior, giving something negative Proximal distal- near to far Development that begin in center of the body and radiates outward Modeling Social learning theory, do what others are doing ex: bobo experiment,  Bandura- can learn from watching observational learning Schemes Ways to categorize things in your brain Assimilation: fits in with there prior knowledge Accommodation- when never seen it, you accommodate Discontinuous development Life goes through stages of change at a specific time Behaviorism Believes in the observable events Prenatal development First trimester: Germinal Stage o 0 to 2 weeks zygote o cell division implantation occurs productive structure begins o Embryonic Stage: o 3 to 4 weeks  o primitive brain spinal cord heart muscles back bone o 5 to 8 weeks
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o external body structures, internal organs o Fetal Stage: o 9 to 12 weeks  o nervous system organs muscles become organized/ connected new  behavior capacities external genatalia sex evidence exhibits reflexive  behavior Second trimester: Fetal Stage continued o 13 to 24 weeks o fetal activity quickening eyes sensitive to light reacts to sound can hear  and cry sleep wake cycle hair eye lashes  Third trimester: Fetal Stage continued o 25 to 40 weeks  o decrease in activity lungs mature organs heart rate goes up rapid brain  development respond to stimuli taste sweet and sour think layers of fat  antibodies for protection fetus assumes upside down position good chance  of survival  Perspectives on childbirth mother- biological changes, fatigue, loss of attention, increased demands, feel 
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2010 for the course EDHD 445 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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edhd445examone - Edhd445ExamOneStudyGuide SectionOne

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