edhd445finalexam

edhd445finalexam - EDHD445FinalExamStudyGuide SECTIONONE...

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EDHD 445 Final Exam Study Guide  SECTION ONE Egocentrism Assumption that ones perspective is shared by other people Unaware of other peoples perceptions Centration Tendency of kids to focus on one trait at a time Fine motor development in early childhood EC – 2.5 to 5 Finger dexterity and speed improve rapidly Boys behind girls Starts with general shapes then can draw people around age 4 and 5 year  olds can draw letters Increased mylenation contributes to physical skills Gross motor development in early childhood Development of visual system Development of balance o Increase in gross skills o Includes running jumping throwing catching o Asking 2 year old to stand on one foot difficult, for 4 its not o By end of early childhood reach coordinated running arms interchange  with leg motions Syntactic bootstrapping
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Use of the structures of the sentences to provide cues about word meaning Child maltreatment prevention Primary intervention- for general public Secondary intervention- focus on high risk groups programs in high schools  Tertiary intervention- families where maltreatment has already occurred Successful if  o deliver services directly to children o more helpful for high risk o have benefits that fade after programs end o expensive programs don’t work Theory of mind Do understand that people have alternative perspectives just cannot take that  perspective Try to cheer up people by what would make them feel better understands  person is upset ADHD Poorly controlled attention and are primarily hyperactive and impulsive  Have combination 3 to 7 percent of children are and 4 times as many boys contributors- o family history  o exposure to harmful chemicals or heavy metals o brain damage from accidents or abuse
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o ineffective parenting treatment- o medications o academic services o psychological interventions o parent effectiveness training Parenting Children w/ High Activity Levels  Establish structure/ daily routines o Child in active role Constructive use of energy  Catch them being good  Praise positive behaviors  Help children with games requiring concentration Puzzles Praise completion, not correctness Self awareness Preschoolers: o Expanded sense of self and developing conscience o Compares self to others (initiative vs. guilt) o Will describe in physical terms concrete rather than psychological o Over estimate what they can do and what they know
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Gender identity  At age 2 to 3 Understanding and accepting that one is a boy or girl Gender labeling At age 2 to 3 Labeling oneself and others on the basis of gender group
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edhd445finalexam - EDHD445FinalExamStudyGuide SECTIONONE...

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