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EDSP Exam 1 Study Guide


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UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF SPECIAL EDUCATION EDSP 470 Questions for 1 st Half of Semester Part 1 Can you list the rights guaranteed in the Preamble of the Constitution? How many Articles in the Constitution? What do the first three articles describe? When was the Constitution ratified? Preamble of Constitution introductory to fundamental principles and purposes of the constitution 7 articles in Constitution, the first 3 explain branches of government (Legislative, Executive, and Judicial) Constitution ratified in 1788 What is the Bill of Rights? When was the Bill of Rights passed by Congress? Bill of Rights (First 10 amendments, passed in 1791) How many Amendments are there to our Constitution? Which Amendments relate to Due Process? 27 ratified amendments to the constitution 14 th Amendment prohibits states from depriving “any person of life, liberty and property without due process of law” Can you name the four historical periods for persons with disabilities AND name an event or practice that epitomizes that period? 1. Separation and isolation (leads to negative eugenics disabled people were bad and needed to be kept from society, growing number of individuals put in institutions (grew till 80’s) a. Influences i. Government world wide isolationism ii. Scientific Darwinism (survival of fittest), Mendel (genetic mutations) iii. Social Industrial Revolution 2. Integration a. Influences i. Parents objected to sending children to institutions, Associations showing alternate options ii. Civil Rights 1954 legislation Brown v. Topeka (all people regardless of race are entitled to FAPE) iii. Litigation iv. Legislation P.L. 94-142 (public law) 3. Inclusion a. Influences i. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
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ii. Section 504 iii. P.L. 94-142 IDEA 2004, iv. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) 4. Empowerment and Self-Determination a. Mentally ill advocate from themselves, still watching unfurl IDEA 2004 -Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: amends the 1975 federal law P.L. 94-142, federal law that ensures that children with disabilities receive a free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment 5 Guarantees from P.L. 94-142 -Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) -Individualized Education Plan (IEP) -Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) -Nondiscriminatory Assessment (aka Multidisciplinary) -Due Process FAPE regardless of disability students get: educational benefit, zero reject, no cost to parents IEP -Written statement that provides an opportunity for parents and professionals to join together in developing specially designed instruction to meet student’s needs -Key Features: Statement of… - Student’s present level academic achievement and functional performance - Measurable annual goals (description of short-term objective/benchmarks) - Specific special education related services and supplementary aids, services and supports - How the child’s disability affects child’s involvement and progress in general education curriculum
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