psyc354papertwo - SUICIDE BOMBING KILLS 35: A LOOK INTO...

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SUICIDE BOMBING KILLS 35: INFLUENCE DECISIONS Suicide Bombing Kills 35: A Look into Cultural Contexts that Influence Decisions Danielle Kershberg University of Maryland, College Park 1
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An article in the Washington Post dated November 2, 2009, titled “Suicide bombing kills 35, injures dozens in Pakistan” discusses the harsh realities of a collectivist culture stemming in Pakistan. The Taliban, a terrorist group residing in Pakistan, is a strongly collective culture. This specific new event just describes one of many instances where suicide bombers attack innocent civilians on the streets of Pakistan. As reported, a suicide bomber killed at least 35 people and injured dozens of others near a government bank in the garrison city of Rawalpindi (Hussain, 2009). Currently, the Pakistani army is trying to press an offensive against Taliban militants. The bomber rode a motorbike close to a line of people waiting to cash their paychecks. The bank is close to Pakistani army’s headquarters and many of those waiting in line were reported to be military personnel. As well, a similar situation occurred a month before where militants took military officials hostage for nearly 24 hours. Meanwhile, the army set forth on its offense last month and killed dozens of militants. The most evident cultural context when discussing suicide bombings, to me, is collectivism. To start with, a culture that is collectivistic is integrated in strong cohesive groups. The focuses of the values revolve around group loyalty first and foremost. Collectivist’s value equality, which means they value getting equal reward regardless of the performance set forth. Collectivists tend to work harder in groups and are more harmonious with in-group members than individualists. Equality can be based on need, giving rewards to those who need it most. Even though collectivists may work more harmoniously with in-group members, they have a tremendous amount of conflict with non-group members as well. Additionally, there are two types of collectivist people. First being a horizontal collectivist, these people perceive themselves as part of the in-group and value the common goals that they share. Secondly, there 2
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2010 for the course PSYC 354 taught by Professor Orehek during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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psyc354papertwo - SUICIDE BOMBING KILLS 35: A LOOK INTO...

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