Lecture7--Learning1,6

Lecture7--Learning1,6 - 10/13/10 LECTURE OUTLINE The An...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
10/13/10 1 C HAPTER 6: L EARNING Lecture 7: Associative Learning (p. 232-254) L ECTURE OUTLINE The historical context An introduction to learning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning T HE HISTORICAL CONTEXT PSYCHOLOGY IN THE EARLY 20 TH CENTURY Mental processes reign supreme The emergence of psychoanalysis in Europe Meanwhile, in the rest of the world The rise of eugenics The ultimate theory of nature Why was intelligence associated with social class? FROM THIS LANDSCAPE, LEARNING THEORY EMERGES Frustration with the study of the unconscious How can we know the unknowable? Behaviorism : Uncovering the general laws of learning, looking outside of the organism An argument for nurture Tabula rasa “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and, yes, even beggar- man and thief -- regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocation, and race of his ancestors.” (Watson, 1924) A N INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10/13/10 2 S O WHAT IS LEARNING ? Change in organism’s behavior or thought as a result of experience Relatively enduring Allows us to adjust to new or changing environments N ON - ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING Habituation Unchanging stimulus Decreased response Dishabituation Return of original response level Sensitization Increased responsiveness to a stimulus I can learn too! L IFE WITH PETS 5 am… L IFE WITH PETS 5:30 am… L IFE WITH PETS Feed us!!!!!! L IFE WITH PETS Thus, at exactly 5:35 am…
Background image of page 2
10/13/10 3 A SSOCIATIVE LEARNING Learning about relationships between events Classical Conditioning Signals Alarm signals food Passive Operant Conditioning Consequences Meowing rewarded with food Active participation of learner Our example for today: Thundersnow the kitten C LASSICAL CONDITIONING PAVLOV’S DISCOVERY:
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/20/2010 for the course PSC PSC 001 taught by Professor Paoli during the Fall '09 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 10

Lecture7--Learning1,6 - 10/13/10 LECTURE OUTLINE The An...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online