Lecture14--SocialPsych2,6 - Lecture outline CHAPTER 13...

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11/15/10 1 CHAPTER 13: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Lecture 14: Social Cognition; Prejudice & Discrimination (p. 558-571) Lecture outline Attributions Attitudes Stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination Attributions Social cognition Mental processes associated with the ways in which people perceive and react to other individuals and groups Attributions Attitudes Both can lead to prejudice and discrimination What is an attribution? Process of assigning causes for why events or actions occur Including behavior Both for other people and ourselves May or may not be accurate Remember the fundamental attribution error Why do we make attributions? Used to Understand the behavior Predict future behavior Control the situation if it happens again Basic need for both order and predictability Just world hypothesis
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11/15/10 2 Dimensions of attributions Personal attributions Aka internal or dispositional Focus on things within the person Traits Abilities Etc. He’s so smart! Dimensions of attributions Situational attributions Aka external Focus on outside events ! The test was so easy! The Fundamental Attribution Error Aka the correspondence bias Tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people’s behavior Make personal, rather than situational attributions Actor-observer bias in attribution Fundamental attribution error + Make dispositional attributions about other people But make situational attributions about ourselves What explains the actor-observer bias? 2 possible explanations We know how we have acted in similar situations in the past Sensitizes us to role of the situation Differing perspectives When watching another person, focus on their actions When we are the actors, focus on the situation around us Exam #2 Self-serving attributional bias Negative behavior Situational attribution “Not my fault. The test was unfair.” Positive behavior Dispositional attribution “I am just that smart.”
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Lecture14--SocialPsych2,6 - Lecture outline CHAPTER 13...

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