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Chapter+2 - Alexa Solimano Personality Psychology Midterm...

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Chapter 2: Data, Methods, & Tools Personality-Relevant Measures - goals of science: o to make accurate predictions about future o create language to allow for single understanding o test hypotheses w/ different factors - interviews : verbal exchange btwn person and examiner (many methods & results vary) - tests : standardized measure of behavior o most are “self-reports” o some have “performance measures” – how abilities affect personality, etc. - projective measures: use ambiguous stimuli to analyze responses (i.e. inkblot test) - naturalistic observation : watch natural behaviors occurring - remote behavior sampling : use remote beeper to randomly ask patient to record feelings, thoughts, etc. throughout the day - polygraph : records Autonomic Nervous System activity o EKG (Electrocardiogram) : records heart beat o Plethysmograph : records changes in blood volume o Galvanic Skin Response : records sweat activity o EEG (Electroencephalograph) : records activity in cerebral cortex, “brain waves” o
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