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Chapter+3+(Half+of+it) - Chapter 3 Types and Traits Summary...

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Types and Traits Summary: ° Personality types refer to discrete categories of people that have similar features of characteristics (physically, psychologically, or behaviorally) -One of the most important typologies—has grouped ppl into introverts and extroverts: ° Carl Jung divided people into two types: introverts (withdrawn, shy) and extroverts (sociable, outgoing) ° Traits are basic, stable qualities of the person. Unlike types, traits are continuous dimensions on which individual differences may be arranged ° Trait theorists conceptualize traits as underlying properties, qualities, or processes that exist in persons ° Trait constructs have been used to account for observed behavioral consistencies within persons and for the behavioral differences among them Additional info: ° Behavior is determined by stable generalized traits-basic qualities of the person that express themselves in many contexts ° Search to identify the person’s basic stable and consistent traits or characteristics is the goal at this level ° Simplicity that makes typologies appealing also reduces their value—it is hard to place a person to a single slot ° Most traits are measured on continuous dimensions like “friendliness”— differences may be arranged quantitatively in terms of the degree of the quality the person has ° Traits are assumed to be quantifiable and scalable: Scalable—a trait is a certain quality or attribute and different individuals have different degrees of it °
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