Chapter+7 - Chapter 7: Psychodynamic Theories Freuds...

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Chapter 7: Psychodynamic Theories – Freud’s Conceptions Before Freud, people’s behavior was believed to be under their conscious and rational control. Freud compared personality to an iceberg: only the tip shows overtly and the rest lies below. People are driven by impulses and strive to satisfy deep and lasting sexual and aggressive urges – what they say and do are highly indirect, disguised, symbolic representations of unconscious forces. Sensory anesthesias – losses of sensory ability (ie. blindness, deafness, loss of feeling in a body part, motor paralysis) o Freud thought these were symptoms of trying to defend oneself against unacceptable, unconscious wishes. Hysteria – presence of massive repression and the development of a symptom pattern that indirectly or symbolically expresses the repressed needs and wishes. o Consists of two subcategories Conversion reaction – physical symptoms without organic cause Dissociative reaction – disruption of a consistent unitary sense of self that may include amnesia, multiple personalities, fugue, etc. Two Key Assumptions of Freud’s Conception: o Behavior is never accidental; it is caused by mental motivational causes (aka motivational determinism) o Causes are outside of person’s complete consciousness or awareness. Freud divided mental processes into o Conscious – within awareness; what is in one’s attention at a given moment o Preconscious – thoughts, experiences, and memories not in immediate attention but that can be called into awareness at any given moment o Unconscious – part of personality of which the ego is unaware but that profoundly effects actions and behaviors Freud tried to understand the unconscious through dream analysis. o The dream is the dreamer’s unconscious effort to fulfill a wish that could not be expressed more directly. o Analyst’s task is to discover the hidden secrets underneath the surface of dreams. o Freud used self-analysis to construct theory about the unconscious. o Dreams are “guardians” of sleep. Anxiety results from unconscious sexual desires and aggressive impulses.
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2010 for the course PSYCH V89.-0030- taught by Professor Susan during the Fall '09 term at NYU.

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Chapter+7 - Chapter 7: Psychodynamic Theories Freuds...

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