Chapter+8+(195-end) - Personality Textbook Chapter...

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Psychodynamic Processes: Anxiety and the Unconscious Anxiety: originally seen as the emotional fear triggered when unacceptable impulses begin to push themselves into consciousness. Three elements found in experience of anxiety: 1. The conscious feeling of fear and danger, without ability to identify immediate objective threats 2. Pattern of physiological arousal and bodily distress that may include misc. physical changes/complaints; cardiovascular (faintness, increased blood pressure) respiratory (breathlessness) gastrointestinal (diarrhea, nausea). Prolonged physical reactions may have chronic effects on these bodily systems. 3. Disruption or disorganization of effective problem solving and cognitive control (i.e. thinking clearly, coping with environmental demands) Human beings can create great anxiety in themselves even when they are not in any immediate danger (torture self with anxiety-provoking memories/thoughts) Concept of Unconscious Repression Repression vs. Suppression Repression: a defense mechanism, closely linked to the Freudian idea of unconscious - Chief function of the unconscious mind was to screen and monitor memories and the inputs to the senses; inhibiting anxiety-arousing stimuli from unconscious to conscious mind. Suppression: the conscious mind deliberately inhibiting events - When one voluntarily and consciously withholds a response or turns attention away from it deliberately first; assumed that repression showed tendency to selectively forget negative/unpleasant experiences rather than positive ones then; critics pointed out that the Freudian theory of repression does not imply experiences with unpleasant tone are repressed, instead depends on the presence of an ego threat ,” not merely unpleasantness. finally; recognized that to study repression adequately, should be able to demonstrate
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2010 for the course PSYCH V89.-0030- taught by Professor Susan during the Fall '09 term at NYU.

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Chapter+8+(195-end) - Personality Textbook Chapter...

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