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Chapter+9 - Erik Erikson o Psychosocial theory of...

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Erik Erikson o Psychosocial theory of personality development ° 8 Stages of Development Development is a life-long process (as compared to Freud, whose stages dealt with psychosexual stages and ended at adolescence) Trust vs. mistrust o children build trust with mother: "Am I loved? Am I good? Are others good?" Autonomy vs. Shame o toilet training: all about gaining mastery, w/o humiliation. "Can I have control over my world? Can I be effective?" Initiative vs. guilt o children start to get social restraints, and they ask: "How can I be powerful?" Industry vs. Inferiority o children start to get social roles: i.e. academics. "Am I competent?" Identity vs. Role confusion o achieving ego identity (blending of self- conceptions and social conceptions, an identity that is CONNECTED to society and not alienated from it) Intimacy vs. isolation o with family, friends, significant others, etc Stage Age Psychosocial Crisis Optimal Outcome 1. Oral-sensory 1 Trust vs. mistrust basic trust and optimism 2. Muscular-anal 2 Autonomy vs. Shame sense of control over self/environment 3. Locomotor-genital 3-5 Initiative vs. guilt goal-directedness & purpose 4. Latency 6-start of puberty Industry vs. Inferiority competence 5. Puberty & Adolescence Identity vs. Role confusion reintergration of past w/ present & future goals, fidelity 6. Early adulthood Intimacy vs. isolation
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