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Unformatted text preview: Intro to phenomenological-humanistic level & At the phenomenological humanistic level the goal is to connect with the individuals own inner psychological experiences as perceived and understood by that person & Questions: How do we see and experience ourselves, other people and the social world? What are the implications and consequences of those perceptions?... & Carl Rogers theory of personality focused on the individuals potential for growth and genuineness and on the nature of the self Chapter 12 Sources of Phenomenological humanistic perspectives: Defining humanistic psychology, phenomenology, existentialism & Humanistic psychology refers to the movement within personality psychology that grew beginning in the 1950s in the US, mostly a protest to the then dominant forces within that field. Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow founded the Journal of Humanistic psychology in 1961devoted to promoting holistic psychologywhich would study the individual as a whole person, focusing on the subjective experience and the self. Rather than on subprocesses like learning or perceiving & Phenomenology : refers to the study of consciousness and the appearances of things and events as the individual perceives and experiences them & Existentialism- a viewpoint that began with Kierkegaard. Central point was that human beings are completely free and responsible for their own behavior. Of particular interest was the ciew that this responsibility is at the root of the deep dread and anxiety that characterizes human beings. But equally interesting and emphasized in humanistic psychology, it also gives the individual a greater degree of freedom and potential for self- change than had been recognized in most earlier personality theories. & People are viewed in the here and now not as victums of their unconscious psychodynamic conflicts or of their traits or of their reinforcement histories Alports Functional Autonomy & Was one of the first people to emphasize the uniqueness of the individual and of the integrated patterns that distinguish each person & Noticed the lack of motivational continuity during the individuals life and criticized the Freudian emphasis on the enduring role of sexual and aggressive motives & Accoring to Alport, behavior is motieated originally by instincts but later it may sustain itself indefinitely without providing any biological gratifications. & Alport saw most normal adult motives as no longer having a functional relation to their historical rootsthe idea has been called functional autonomy to indicate that a habit, say practicing violin at a certain hour each day need not be tired to any earlier motive of infancy. The extent to which an individuals motives are autonomous is a measure of maturity....
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- Fall '09