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Unformatted text preview: Exploring internal experience & Rogers believed the thereapist enters the internal world of the clients perceptions not by introspection but by observation and inference Why Self Matters: Consequences of Self-discrepencies & Contemporary research is showing the powerful role of the individuals self concepts, self-perceptions and feelings about him or herself & The results show that the internal experiences on which the theorists in the last chapter focused change what people become and influence the types of problems and coping strategies they develop & One of the most notable findings is thatpeople experience different types of discrepancies between different aspects of the self and these discrepancies influence their subsequent emotions and behaviors in predictable ways & Carl Rogers first suggested that discrepancies develop between various mental representations of the self. For example, your actual self, that is, the representation of yourself as you are may be discrepant with your ideal self, the representation of who you would like to be & Likewise, the actual self may be discrepant with the ought self, the representatio of who you believe you should be & According to Higgins, such discrepancies may be experienced not only from ones own vantage point but also from that of significant others such as a parent or an older sibling & A perceived discrepancy between the actual self and ideal self makes an individual more culnerable to feelings of dejection such as dissapointment and dissatisfactionHiggins proposed and found evidence that various discrepancies have predictable emotional consequences & Different emotions lead to different patters of coping with the perceive discrepancies & To remove discrepancies people may change their actual behavior to match an important standard. & In this approach, regardless of the form the change actuall takes, the motivation for the change arises from conflicts each individual feels among his or her carious representations of the self. The discrepancies, according to Higgins, cause specific types of emotional discomfort that individuals are motivated to reduve as best they can & The key point from this is that the work on self-discrepancies makes clear that the self matters. It matters because the interal experiences that people have when they perceive such discrepancies are consequential for the emotions they experience and for the coping patterns they use to try to deal with them The Internal View chapter 13 & A most direct way to inquire about another persons experience is to ask him to depict himself. (Self report)can infer the persons underlying personality structure and dynamics Uses of self assesments & Can people be experts about thsemves? One way tp address questions like this is to examine whether peoples self-assesments can predict their own future behavior. To establish the utility of a persons direct report aout himself you must compare it with the predictions about him that can...
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- Fall '09