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Unformatted text preview: Personality Readings – Second Semester! Okay so here are all the Blackboard Readings. Reading 18 will be sent to you as soon as it is sent to me. I assigned two people to each reading in case anyone flaked. So there are many readings with two summaries (separated by a solid line). I know some of us want more detailed info, and some want more general overviews. Because there are two of many of them, you may get what you prefer (: Each Reading is separated by carrots (>>>) Reading #4: Reading 4 – Feeling States and Behavior – Clark and Isen Clark and Isen suggest that feeling states (both positive and negative) have extensive effects on cognition, social judgment, and behavior. Positive and negative thoughts tend to lead to other similarly toned thoughts and behaviors. A given feeling state may affect a great variety of judgments and behaviors.Unlike emotions, feelings do not interrupt ongoing behavior to result in an abrupt change in activity. Rather, whatever induces a feeling state tends gently to redirect ongoing thinking and behavior within the existing context. Unlike emotions, they do not have notable effects on a person’s interactions with people or objects in the environment. This suggests that the impact of feeling states on behavior is not immediately obvious.Clark and Isen suggest that feelings have important effects on cognition and behavior. Feeling states are pervasive. (They are not directs toward any particular subject and cannot be identified with any specific set of behaviors). The subtle, pervasive effects of low-level affective states are so often with us that their potential influence may be very great, and they are distinct from high-intensity emotion. Despite the differences between emotions and feeling states, they cannot be entirely separated from each other. Feeling states and emotions often occur together because the conditions that elicit emotions may also elicit a feeling state. Feeling states are important determinants of people’s impressions of their world and of their behavior. To people who are in a positive feeling state, everything seems slightly better than usual and they behave in a way that reflects this and suggest that they are trying to maintain their mood. The effects of negative feeling states on impression and behavior are more complex.** People in a negative feeling state see things in a negative light and often behave in ways to antagonize others and almost ensure the continuation of the negative states. Sometimes, however, they engage in behavior that might reduce the effect of the negative state or even remove it. (Pro-social behavior, such as not withdrawing from others). Experimental Evidence: Isen induced a positive feeling state in randomly selected people at a shopping mall by giving them a free gift....
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- Fall '09
- feeling states, A.H. Buss