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Unformatted text preview: Levels of Going Beyond the Information Given • Construct accessibility increases the likelihood that the construct will be used to encode a stimulus • Wyer and Srull (1980) present subjects with behavior description that were ambiguous with traits the subjects were more likely to judge it being a clear instance of a trait if it had previously been activated • Going beyond the information given: identifying attributes of stimulus that were not observable, inferring additional attributes • A subset of identifying attributes is often sufficient to make an equivalence judgment or match • Identify based on clothing or looks • Once a stimulus has been identified other nonidentifying properties are likely to be attributed to stimulus • Identifying attributes of a construct are part of lexical knowledge, because linguistic production and comprehension require the ability to identify instances of construct • People go beyond the information by also identifying a stimulus with a construct. • A person may assign dispositional traits to stranger that are characteristic with a significant other • Difference between identifying a stimulus with a construct versus as a construct are: that people are less likely to assign the missing essential or defining attribute to the construct when identifying with the construct • Identification as conscious = a set. Unconscious – priming • People who were in a positive priming session remembered two weeks later that the stimulus person was more desirable • These ratings increase over time....
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2010 for the course PSYCH V89.-0030- taught by Professor Susan during the Fall '09 term at NYU.
- Fall '09